Winthrop EDUC 275 - Learning Theory (6 pages)

Previewing pages 1, 2 of 6 page document View the full content.
View Full Document

Learning Theory



Previewing pages 1, 2 of actual document.

View the full content.
View Full Document
View Full Document

Learning Theory

126 views


Pages:
6
School:
Winthrop University
Course:
Educ 275 - Integrating Technology to Support Teaching and Learning
Integrating Technology to Support Teaching and Learning Documents
Unformatted text preview:

Learning Theory EDUC 275 Winthrop University Lisa Harris Marshall Jones Suzanne Sprouse Learning theories help explain How learning occurs Factors that influence learning The role of memory How students transfer information to other contexts How instruction should be structured to facilitate learning How does learning theory inform teaching Source of instructional strategies tactics and techniques Provide a foundation for appropriate strategy selection Provide information about relationships among instructional strategies and instructional contexts Allow teachers to select strategies that are the most likely to work Ways of knowing 1 Knowledge has a separate real existence of its own outside the human mind Learning happens when this knowledge is transmitted to people and they store it in their minds Roblyer page 53 2 Humans construct all knowledge in their minds by participating in certain experiences learning happens when one constructs both mechanisms for learning and his or her own unique version of the knowledge Roblyer page 53 1 Three Major Branches Behaviorism Direct Instruction Cognitivism Constructivism Behaviorism Continued Teacher role Transmitter of knowledge expert source Student role Receive information demonstrate competence all students learn the same material Curriculum Skills are taught in a set sequence Learning goals Stated in terms of mastery learning Types of activities Lecture demonstration seatwork practice testing Assessment strategies Written tests same measures for all students Behaviorism Learning occurs when students are able to provide the proper response to the given stimulus Methods include the use of instructional cues reinforcement and practice Students learn basic skills before moving to more complex processes Instructional goal elicit the desired response from the learner who is presented with a garget stimulus Examples of Content Taught using Behaviorism Multiplication Tables Branches of Government Procedural tasks Driving a stick shift Listing State Capitals 2 Cognitivism Shift in thinking about learning Behaviorists learning as observable behavior Cognitivists learning as complex cognitive processes How people reason problem solve learn language and process information Learners thoughts beliefs attitudes and values impact learning Focus on relationships between pieces of information ex chunking Examples of Cognitivist Content Compare and contrast two characters in a novel Draw the stages of the water cycle The writing process drafts and revision Cognitivism Continued Teacher role Construct appropriate learning environments and materials scaffolding the learning process Student role Actively involved in the learning process through self planning monitoring revising understanding relationships Curriculum Relationships among information is stressed Learning goals Understanding processes as well as basic skills learning how to learn Types of activities using graphic organizers demonstration think aloud matrices advanced organizers Assessment strategies performance assessment projectbased learning essay questions i e summarize compare and contrast Constructivist Learning Knowledge is a function of how the individual creates meaning from his or her own experiences Ertmer p 9 Meaning is created rather than acquired Content knowledge is embedded in the context in which it is used 3 Constructivist Instruction Cont Teacher role Acts as a guide and facilitator collaborative resource as students explore topics Student role Collaborate develop competence may learn different material Curriculum Based on projects that foster higher level and lower level skills at the same time Learning Goals Stated in terms of growth from where the student began work independently and with groups Types of Activities Group projects hand on exploration product development Assessment Performance tests and products ex Portfolios quality measured by rubrics and checklists measure may differ among students Which theory is better Neither Depends on your needs Depends on your content Depends on your environment Depends on your students Examples of Constructivist Content Causes of WWII The strengths and weaknesses of Democracy How technology fosters collaboration The effects of global warming Why are these theories important Gets to the notion of HOW you learn How you LIKE to learn How to manage favorite and least favorite environments Affords us variety in pedagogy 4 Now an activity In groups create a list of the following How do you like to learn To use a new electronic device phone PDA etc Manuals Play around Watch an expert Others To play a new board card video game Read directions Play a practice round Others A list of items or set of definitions Read Recite many times Flash cards Others Take your list Rank your learning strategies by voting on them Record your votes on the list 100 or or 1 out of 3 Find out which ones your group thinks are best to use Make a hard decision Thinking as a teacher your group should pick three learning strategies from your list that you would recommend to your students You must pick three and only three Thinking as a teacher your group should pick three learning strategies from your list would you NEVER use You must pick three and only three Are they behaviorist cognitivist or constructivist in nature 5 Here s the thing Exploring Theorists In groups use Inspiration to create a concept map of the three major learning theories discussed in this article Compare and contrast the characteristics of each theory Give highlights of the theory Give examples of appropriate technology integration for each theory Sources Ertmer P A Newby T J 1993 Behaviorism Cognitivism Constructivism Comparing Critical features from an instructional design perspective Improvement Quarterly 6 4 50 72 Integrating Educational Technology into Teaching M D Roblyer Constructivist vs Directed PowerPoint by Dr Marshall Jones 6


View Full Document

Access the best Study Guides, Lecture Notes and Practice Exams

Loading Unlocking...
Login

Join to view Learning Theory and access 3M+ class-specific study document.

or
We will never post anything without your permission.
Don't have an account?
Sign Up

Join to view Learning Theory and access 3M+ class-specific study document.

or

By creating an account you agree to our Privacy Policy and Terms Of Use

Already a member?