Winthrop EDUC 275 - Learning Theory (6 pages)

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Learning Theory



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Learning Theory

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Pages:
6
School:
Winthrop University
Course:
Educ 275 - Integrating Technology to Support Teaching and Learning
Integrating Technology to Support Teaching and Learning Documents

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Learning Theory EDUC 275 Winthrop University Lisa Harris Marshall Jones Suzanne Sprouse Learning theories help explain How learning occurs Factors that influence learning The role of memory How students transfer information to other contexts How instruction should be structured to facilitate learning How does learning theory inform teaching Source of instructional strategies tactics and techniques Provide a foundation for appropriate strategy selection Provide information about relationships among instructional strategies and instructional contexts Allow teachers to select strategies that are the most likely to work Ways of knowing 1 Knowledge has a separate real existence of its own outside the human mind Learning happens when this knowledge is transmitted to people and they store it in their minds Roblyer page 53 2 Humans construct all knowledge in their minds by participating in certain experiences learning happens when one constructs both mechanisms for learning and his or her own unique version of the knowledge Roblyer page 53 1 Three Major Branches Behaviorism Direct Instruction Cognitivism Constructivism Behaviorism Continued Teacher role Transmitter of knowledge expert source Student role Receive information demonstrate competence all students learn the same material Curriculum Skills are taught in a set sequence Learning goals Stated in terms of mastery learning Types of activities Lecture demonstration seatwork practice testing Assessment strategies Written tests same measures for all students Behaviorism Learning occurs when students are able to provide the proper response to the given stimulus Methods include the use of instructional cues reinforcement and practice Students learn basic skills before moving to more complex processes Instructional goal elicit the desired response from the learner who is presented with a garget stimulus Examples of Content Taught using Behaviorism Multiplication Tables Branches of Government Procedural tasks Driving a stick



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