UCSB GEOG 155 - What is Geography? (45 pages)

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What is Geography?



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What is Geography?

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Pages:
45
School:
University of California, Santa Barbara
Course:
Geog 155 - ELEMENTS OF PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY
ELEMENTS OF PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY Documents
Unformatted text preview:

LAST TIME Introduction Latin American Map You set the foundations for the study of humanenvironment relations in Latin America Course Syllabus Course objectives evaluation and assignments TODAY Latin American Diversity Introduction What is Geography Physical Geography of Mexico Caribbean and Central America 1 Mexican drylands 2 Mesoamerican Highlands 3 Coastal Lowlands What is Geography The study of phenomena relative to space scale and place this is the lens through which geographers study virtually any phenomena using a host of methods The study of human environment interactions This is a core theme of geographical inquiry Latin America Diversity I Great size especially N S Topographic land forms and elevation In many places diversity is very close spatially many LA countries are quite diverse Biotic diversity from deserts to tropical rainforests Latin America Diversity II Geographic diversity vast differences is size of countries resource wealth etc Economic diversity vast differences in wealth among and within countries Pre Columbian cultural diversity Amerindian cultures from empires to hunting gathering bands Diverse immigration experience and resulting population patterns Amerindians plus Africans as slaves Asians and Europeans Commonality Roughly common historical and cultural experience unites Roughly similar economic experience of Iberian colonialism Broadly similar language religion cultural values but with important exceptions Common physical environmental regions overlap multiple countries Physical Geography in Latin America Climate long term norms of weather temperature precipitation seasonality etc Natural vegetation super diverse due to elevation latitude and precipitation Soils great variation but with patterns Land forms and elevation the latter is very important to climate and natural vegetation Middle America Environmental Zones Latin American Environmental Subregions Northern Mexican drylands Mexico North of tropic of Cancer Climate desert and steppe climate Bw Bs very little precipitation wide seasonal temperature swings Vegetation mostly arid adapted except at elevation Soils variable Climate Northern Mexican drylands Climographs e g compare with San Francisco Very little precipitation Dry And drier Wide seasonal temp swings Examples Northern Mexican drylands Vegetation mostly arid adapted except at elevation Soils quite variable Mountain and plateau land forms Sierra Madre Oriental Occidental Environmental Sub region II Middle American highlands Land forms very complex tectonic Soils micro variability Vegetation types vary with elevation Landscapes Environmental Sub regions II Middle American highlands Climate role of the tropics and elevation key to understanding Vegetation types vary with elevation Tropical seasonality of rainfall summer Example Mexico City Middle American Caribbean lowlands Land forms and soils Limestone karstic tectonic volcanic Middle American Caribbean lowlands Climate K ppen class Aw Af tierra caliente the hot and humid lands one thinks of as tropical high sun precipitation a tropical characteristic Hurricanes Middle American Caribbean lowlands Vegetation varies with windward leeward slopes and rain shadows Rain forests Savannas Destination of UCSB students Northern Mexican Dry lands Latitude Longitude 37 45o N 122 26o W Average Annual Temperature oC 13 75 Annual Temperature Range oC 9 Total Annual Precipitation mm 475 Summer Precipitation mm 54 Winter Precipitation mm 421 T M Whitmore 1 2 4 3 5 2 Sierra Madre Occidental Copper Canyon T M Whitmore 4 Coastal Plain looking E towards Sierra Madre Occidental T M Whitmore Highland Chiapas Mexico T M Whitmore Volcano near Antigua Guatemala T M Whitmore Middle America Environmental Zones Tropic of Cancer Hurricane season Southern rain shadowed Dominican Republic T M Whitmore westerlies Gyre Trade winds Trade winds Gyre


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