Community Politics

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Lecture 19 Outline of Last Lecture I. Local Government Entities a. Counties i. deal with state concerns ii. types = Board of Commissioners, Elected Executive, Council Administrator b. Municipalities/Cities i. deal with local concerns ii. Charter of Incorporation iii. Home Rule vs. Dillion’s Rule iv. Mayor Council, City Commission, City Manager c. Special Districts i. deal with issues that other units of government cannot meet II. Multiplicity of Local Governments – Fragmented Local Government III. Tiebout Model of Local Government Competition Outline of Current Lecture I. Machine Politics II. What led to the decline of Party Machines? III. The Reform Government Model IV. Elitism verse Pluralism V. Suburban Sprawl VI. Annexation = Cities Bringing In Unincorporated Areas VII. Extra Territorial Jurisdiction VIII. Annexing in Texas and in the Future Current Lecture Community Politics Machine Politics  Machines gained power through o patronage = giving out jobs based on political support to maintain party loyalties o influencing business = processes that go through the machines, such as government contracts, building permits, etc. were easier if you supported the machine, business favors  Machines = when a political party dominated power  hit its height in late 1800s and early 1900s What led to the decline of Party Machines? 1. Relied on distributing favors jobs and benefits to poor residents so that poor had tangible benefits they were receiving from the party machines a. When federal gov expands welfare benefits, the poor no longer have to rely on party machines 2. Waves of Immigration in late 1800s-1900s a. Immigrants needed jobs, housing, schools, etc. so party machines helped them b. If party machines assisted immigrants, machines got their political loyalty



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