Local Government Entites

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Lecture 18 Outline of Last Lecture I. Plea Bargaining in Courts II. Trial by Jury and Reversible Error III. Court Tier System in Texas IV. Selecting Judges in Texas (Partisan Elections, Interim Appointments by Governor) V. Court Procedures in Texas (Grand Juries, Petit Juries) VI. Federal, State, and Local Police Protection VII. Crime Reform: Three Strikes and You’re Out VIII. The Death Penalty (Furman v. Georgia in 1972, Supreme Court Issues Guidelines in 1976, Death Penalty in Texas, Money, and Public Support) Outline of Current Lecture I. Local Government Entities a. Counties i. deal with state concerns ii. types = Board of Commissioners, Elected Executive, Council Administrator b. Municipalities/Cities i. deal with local concerns ii. Charter of Incorporation iii. Home Rule vs. Dillion’s Rule iv. Mayor Council, City Commission, City Manager c. Special Districts i. deal with issues that other units of government cannot meet II. Multiplicity of Local Governments – Fragmented Local Government III. Tiebout Model of Local Government Competition Topic Today’s Lecture LOCAL GOVERNMENT ENTITIES Local Government Entities Three Basic Types: 1. Counties 2. Municipalities/cities 3. Special districts 1) Counties  How many – 3100 across US, 250 in Texas  Purpose – counties serve as administrative appendages/extensions of the state  counties are set up to deal with and manage activities of a state wide concern at the local level  example – car registrations, elections,  if outside the city, the county takes care of law enforcement with a county sheriff POLS 207 1st Edition  Organization types: o Board of commissioners/supervisors  enact county ordinances (laws at local level)  approve county budget  appoint county officials  basically, they are running the county as a group  main criticism: no one person in charge  if don’t like something the group is doing, who is actually the person you want to target o Elected-executive plan  one person mainly in charge  elect board of commissioners but elect a head executive of the commission who is the main person who proposes the budget, hiring/firing officials, operating the county, etc. o Council administrator plan  Board of commissioners chooses or hires a person to run the county  still one person mainly in charge  but rather than elected, the leader is chosen or hired by the board 2) Municipalities/cities  differ from counties in focus: o counties – meet state wide concerns o municipalities – meet local concerns  police protection, transportation, sewage, etc.  Charter of Incorporation o process to form a city o municipalities – need legal recognition of settlement which is from a charter of incorporation o charter of incorporation = issued to legally recognize by the state that a certain area is a city o an unincorporated area is a city o when an unincorporated area wants to become a city they start with a petition, need a certain amount of signatures, file the petition with the state, the state holds an election, everybody in city limits can vote, if ...

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