VCU ARTH 103 - Exam 1 Study Guide (8 pages)

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Exam 1 Study Guide



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Exam 1 Study Guide

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Prehistoric era, paleolithic era, neolithic era... Ancient Egypt


Pages:
8
Type:
Study Guide
School:
Virginia Commonwealth University
Course:
Arth 103 - Survey of Western Art
Survey of Western Art Documents

Unformatted text preview:

ARTH 103 1st Edition Exam 1 Study Guide Lectures 1 3 Key terms Museum curator collect and exhibit works for museums and educate the public about art Art conservator preserves and repair works Critic provides judgments on an art work s cultural value for a general or specific audience Gallery where you can purchase exhibit and sell art works Appraiser studies specific objects and or time periods and provide economic value estimates for works of art based on the object s cultural value Art historian studies and interprets works of art based on the work s historical context and analyzes and interprets an art work s meaning Prehistoric 35 000 3 000 bce Paleolithic ca 35 000 10 000 bce old stone age consisting of nomads and hunter gatherers and a time where sculpture was popular Neolithic ca 8 000 1500 bce new stone age Makapansgat Pebble resembles human face from South Africa c 3 000 000 bce jasperite Megalithic ca 3000 1500 BCE big stone age Nile River every spring the Nile floods its banks and deposits a rich layer of silt on the land which acts as a natural fertilizer This means HUGE harvests are possible Narmer king who first unified Egypt His power is worldly and divine It is of this world and yet eternal and everlasting Imhotep first named artist in western art history designed the funerary complex at Saqqara Ziggurat focal point made of clay bricks Most famous is Nanna Ziggurat Sumer Sumerian society was built on agriculture composed of independent cities that all shared a similar language religion and surrounded the ziggurat Ka Statue a sculpture of the pharaoh meant to act as a vessel for his soul when entering the ka statue the pharaoh s soul could receive the prayers of the living Cuneiform Sumerian writing forms of lines and dots on clay tablets commonly found on stone cylinders roll it across a piece of wet clay acted as a stamp signature for signing contracts between Sumerian business people Mastaba The earliest forms of Egyptian monumental mortuary



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