VCU ARTH 103 - Final Exam Study Guide (4 pages)

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Final Exam Study Guide

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Final Exam Study Guide


Exam 4/Final Exam

Study Guide
Virginia Commonwealth University
Arth 103 - Survey of Western Art
Survey of Western Art Documents

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ARTH 103 1st Edition Exam 4 Study Guide Romanesque Terms Romanesque a relatively calm safe period with an international art style and no homeland or distinct starting event 1050 1200 11th and 12th centuries middle of the middle ages Romanesque architecture dense heavy castle look due to lack of engineering knowledge with much stonework unlike gothic cathedrals an attempt to mimic Roman architecture although Romanesque might not have been the name for it during the actual time period Pilgrimage a spiritual journey to a holy site geared around many churches were built to house these pilgrimages and relics Santiago de Campostella dedicated to St James the Great it was a destination of a major pilgrimage route marked by many churches in Spain c 1078 1122 with later renovations taking this route earned you an indulgence less time in purgatory Reliquary statue of St Faith gold repousse in France late 9th century Relic an object somehow connected to a spiritual religious figure bones clothing anything held in a reliquary Repousse Hammered metalwork from the reverse side Normans north man nomadic viking spread Romanesque art and architecture patrons from Normandy France militaristic and feared by others William the Conqueror Duke of Normandy c 1028 1087 he was the younger of two sons that was screwed over when his father died so he desired and conquered Europe Battle of Hastings Oct 14 1066 King Harold is killed William conquers England and becomes the first English king Guild a group of craftsmen who have come together to control their trade setting expectations for a particular craft traded and ways to protect your craft this was pre 1800 s version of art school Parts of a cathedral plan Nave a long hall running down the middle of a medieval cathedral Ambulatory space around the nave for walking Transept crossed the nave and this intersection was called a crossing Choir nave behind the crossing for priests etc Chapels Indicated a pilgrimage church little boxed rooms where

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