Unformatted text preview:

How do developing countries allocate resources Debt repayments to western banks greatly influences the ability of many of these countries to allocate resources for environmental protection If conservation of natural resources is low on their priority list it may be one of the first areas to be cut back in government expenditures What is the typical government prioritization related to regional development for the environment 1 National security 2 Redistribution of wealth and regional development 3 Environmental concerns What do governments do to protect the environment Concern for the natural environment is only likely to happen after national security and economical development have been achieved Many governments are reluctant to place an obstacle such as environmental regulation Regulation could prevent future development projects Measures governments may consider o The establishment of protected areas through legislation o The implementation of land use planning such a zoning o Mandatory use of environmental impact analysis o Encourage coordination between government agencies Different land use methods What is land use about Zoning o A land management strategy o Can provide recognition of the resources that exists in the area o Can identify where tourism can and cant take place Zoning Benefits Defining the types of tourism suitable to an area ecosystem Descriptive involved identifying important recreational opportunities river lakes horseback riding etc new area to be developed Allocation involves deciding what values and opportunities should be made where in protected areas How are we going to distribute better What is the meaning of caring capacity What is it Four difference types of carrying capacity i Economic dependency of the economy on tourism ii Psychological levels of visitor satisfaction iii Environmental impact of tourism on the environment iv Social the reaction of the local community to tourism What is the developing world s view regarding actions taken by developed countries on their plans to develop They view that developed nations have the luxury of being able to be concerned over the environment because they have largely fulfilled many of their national goals They say that developed countries are telling them not to do what the developed world did to achieve their high standard of living What are the classifications of protected areas according to the WTO Strict nature reserve scientific studies National Parks educational scientific and recreational use Natural Landmarks protect preserve natural features Wildlife Sanctuary protect significant species Protect Landscapes to maintain nationally significant landscapes Resources Reserve To protect the resources of the area Naturally Biotic Area Anthro Reserve allow societies that are living in harmony native Americans Multiple use management area resources sustained production of a mix of water timber wildlife pasture and outdoor recreation National parks when were they created what is the biggest threat Tourism Yellow Stone 1872 They are areas for nature conservation and recreation By the end of 19th century national parks had been established in other countries We use it for recreation Explain what is carrying capacity Maximum limit use of any site without negative effects to its resources There are four difference types of carrying capacity i Economic dependency of the economy on tourism ii Psychological levels of visitor satisfaction iii Environmental impact of tourism on the environment iv Social the reaction of the local community to tourism What is the role of the private sector in the success of future development Commitment of the private sector to environmental protection is essential to the success of future development There are advantages to be gained o Cost savings preservation of main business assets natural cultural environmental What is environmental auditing Provides the basis for such business practice and is consistent with the view of management as a controlled public process based on continuous monitoring of impacts and change the development of knowledge and the feeding back of these into decision making by formalized process It helps passing environmental legislation and enforcement of punitive measures against tourism firms Helps companies reduce their costs of operations and increase profits Companies trying to be philanthropic could use it to adopt as many measures that they can afford What is the objective of environmental code of conduct The aim of codes of conduct is to influence attitudes and modify behavior Key points o Sustainable use of resources o Reduction of environmental impacts o Showing sensitivity for wildlife and culture o Pursue responsible marketing Problems related to codes of conduct o Monitoring and evaluating codes o Conflict between codes as a form of marketing and codes What is the meaning of the limits of acceptable change How much are we willing to tolerate What is the difference between environment assessment and environment impact analysis Environmental impact assessment EIS predicts the future Concerned with assessing the predicted effects of development Provides decision makers with information on the likely consequences of their decision Environmental Impact Analysis EIA used as a planning instrument There is not structure to the components of an EIA They typically assess future levels of noise pollution visual impact air quality hydrological impact land use and landscape changes associated with a development Describe the 5 stages of the impact analysis i Identification of the impact ii Its measurement iii Interpretation of the significance of the impact iv Displaying the results of the assessments v Development of appropriate monitoring schemes Which are the types of tourism which are subject to environmental impact assessment Which specialists are required Hotels visitor attractions marinas airports roads waste treatment and energy plants Specialists include Sociologists geologists hydrologists geographers scientists anthropologists what was the warmest decade in history 1990 was the warmest decade 11 of the last 12 years rank around the warmest since 1850 1995 2006 1850 marks the beginning of meteorological records What is the meaning of climate change Change in the climate of an area or the whole world over an appreciable period of time Why Is there a need for international disaster planning To be able to adapt to natural threats Rising sea levels and

View Full Document

FSU HFT 3700 - Notes

Download Notes
Our administrator received your request to download this document. We will send you the file to your email shortly.
Loading Unlocking...

Join to view Notes and access 3M+ class-specific study document.

We will never post anything without your permission.
Don't have an account?
Sign Up

Join to view Notes and access 3M+ class-specific study document.


By creating an account you agree to our Privacy Policy and Terms Of Use

Already a member?