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Slide 1Slide 2Slide 3Slide 4Slide 5Slide 6Slide 7Slide 8Slide 9Slide 10Slide 11Slide 12Slide 13Slide 14Slide 15Slide 16Slide 17Slide 18Slide 19Slide 20Slide 21Slide 22Slide 23Slide 24Slide 25Slide 26Slide 27Slide 28Slide 29Slide 30Slide 31Slide 32Slide 33Slide 34Slide 35Slide 36Slide 37Slide 38Slide 39Slide 40Slide 41Slide 42Slide 43Slide 44Slide 45Slide 46Slide 47Slide 48Slide 49Slide 50Slide 51Slide 52Slide 53Slide 54Slide 55Slide 56Slide 57Slide 58Slide 59Slide 60Slide 61Slide 62Slide 63Slide 64Slide 65Slide 66Slide 67Slide 68Slide 69Slide 70Slide 71Slide 72Slide 73Slide 74Slide 75Slide 76Slide 77Slide 78Slide 79Slide 80Slide 81Slide 82Slide 83Slide 84Slide 85Slide 86Slide 87Slide 88Slide 89Slide 90Slide 91Slide 92Slide 93Slide 94Slide 95Slide 96Slide 97Slide 98Slide 99Slide 100Slide 101Slide 102Slide 103Slide 104Slide 105Slide 106Slide 107Slide 108Slide 109Slide 110Slide 111Slide 112Slide 113Slide 114Anatomical TermsChapter 1Supine PositionBody is horizontalLying on the backProne PositionThe body is horizontalLying on the stomachArmShoulder and elbowForearmElbow to wristThighGroin and kneeLegKnee and ankleChestArea between neck and diaphramContains heart and lungsAbdomenArea of the truck between diaphrgm and hip boneContains digestive organsPelvisArea of the trunk below the hip bone contains internal reproductive organs and urinary bladderGroinArea on the anterior surface marked by a crease where the lower limb attaches to the pelvis-al, -ic, -ar, and -aryMean adjectives-um, -us, -is, and -aMeans nounsAxialCentral part of the body, the head, and trunkCephalicPertaining to the headCranialPortion of the skill surrounding the brainFacialfaceFrontalforeheadOrbitaleyeOticearNasalnoseBuccalcheeckOralmouthMentalChinOccipitalBack of headCervicalNeckThoracicChestSternalBreast BonePectoralChestMammaryBreastAbdominalabdomenUmbilicalNavelCoxalHipPelvicPelvisPubicGenetial AreaDorsalBackVertebralSpinal ColumnLumbarArea of the back between the lowest rib and buttocksDirectional TermsSuperiorAboveThe head is superior to the neck.InferiorBelowThe neck is interior to the head.Anterior (Ventral)Closer to front of bodyThe lips are anterior to the teeth.Posterior (Dorsal)Closer to the back of bodyThe teeth are posterior to the lips.MedialCloser to the midline of bodyThe nose is medial to the eyes.LateralFarther from midline of the bodyThe eyes are lateral to the nose.IntermediateBetween two structuresThe elbow is intermediate between the shoulder and wrist.IpsilateralOn same side of bodyThe right arm and right leg are ipsilateral.ContralateralOn opposite sides of the bodyThe right arm and left arm are contralateral.ProximalNearer to point of attachment of limb to trunkThe elbow is proximal to the wrist.DistalFarther from point of attachment of limb to trunkThe wrist is distal to the elbowSuperficialCloser to surface of bodyThe skin is superficial to the muscle.DeepFarther from surface of the bodyThe muscles are deep to the skin.Body Planes and SectionsSagittal PlaneVertically through body or organs and divide them into right and left sectionsMidsagittal PlaneVertically through the midline and divides the body into equal right and left halvesParasagittal PlaneDivides body into unequal partsFrontal (Coronal) PlaneVertically through the body organs and prodcues anterior and posterior sectionsTransverse PlaneHorizontally through the body and produces superior and inferior sectionsOblique PlanesPass through the body at an angle forming oblique sectionsLongitudinal SectionsSections that are produced by a plane running along the long axis of a long narrow structureCross SectionsSections that are produced by a plan running perpendicular to the long axisChapter 2 Organ Systems and Body CavitiesOverview of Organ SystemsThoracic CavitySpace enclosed by the ribs, sternum, and vertebral coloumnPericardial CavityAround the heartPleural CavitiesAround the lungMediastiumCentral area within the thoracic cavity, extends from the neck to the diaphragm and from the sternum to the vertebral coloumnAbdominopelvic CavityTwo continuous cavities: abdominal and pelvicretroperitonalLocated posterior to the peritoneumPancreas, kidney, adernal glands, portions of the large intestinesPelvic CavityLarge intestines, rectum, urinary bladder, female reproductive organs, and male reproductive organsTestes and penis are not located in the pelvic cavity but are located inferior to itSerous MembranesSerous MembraneVisceral layer and parietal layerVisceral layerCovers the organParietal LayerAttaches to and covers the ventral body wallPleuraCovers the lungsPericardiumCovers the heartperitoneumCovers the abdominal organsChapter 8: Bone Structure and FunctionEpiphysesEnlarged proximal and distal ends of long bonesDiaphysisMiddle shaft areaMetaphysesArea in an adult bone where the epiphyses and diaphysis joinEpiphyseal PlateHyaline cartilageEpiphyseal LineBone growth stops when the epiphyseal plate cartilage becomes ossified and forms a bony structureArticular CartilageComposed of hyaline cartilageCovers both epiphysesPeriosteumRest of the bone exterior is covered with a tough, connective tissue membraneMedullary CavityHallow center of the bony diaphysisSmall amount of spongy bone found in this cavityEndosteumMedullary cavity is lined with a connective tissue membraneOsteoblasts and OsteoclastsBone formation, bone tissue repair, and bone remodelingCentral (Haversian) CanalLongitudinallyBlood vessels, lymphatic vessels, and nerves that serve compact bone tissuePerforating (Volmann) CanalsBlood vessels, lymphatic vessels, and verves travel from the periosteum to the central canal through..Chapter 9: Axial SkeletonAxial SkeletonComposed of 80 bones located along a vertical line, the longitudinal axis of the bodyBones support and protect the organs of the head, neck, and torsoAppendicular Skeleton appendere = to hang uponComposed of 126 bones that make up the upper limbs, lower limbs, and the bones of the girdles that attach the limbs to the axial skeletonCranial BoneBony cavity that harbors and protects the brain and houses organs of hearing and equilibriumFacial BonesProvide shape of the face, house the teeth, and provide attachment for all the muscles of facial expressionParietal Bones (2)paries = wallSuperior lateral walls of cranial cavityTemporal Bones (2)Inferior lateral walls of cranial cavityHouse organs of inner earFrontal BoneAnterior portion of cranial cavityOccipital Boneoccipit- = atlasPosterior wall of cranial cavitySphenoid

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FSU PET 3322L - Anatomical Terms

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