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SYO3100 Exam 11. Which institution is the backbone of society? Why? Include in your answer reference to what a social institution is and the functions it serves.A social institution is a cluster of social behavioral patterns organized to meet basic needs. The family is a social institution that can be labeled as the backbone of society, because the family shapes individuals and determines what society will experience. For example, the family primarily determines characteristics of individuals such as race, ethnicity, class, culture and religion.Source: “The Family Is” powerpoint2. Distinguish between the family and a family“A Family” is defined by the government as a unit made up of two or more people related by blood, marriage, adoption and who live together, form an economic unit, and bear and raise children.“The Family” is considered an intimate environment in which two or more people either:-Live together in a committed relationship-see their identity as attached to that of the group in important ways-share functions and close emotional tiesSource: Benokraitis, page 53. Is the perception of what a family is held by the public the same as the official definition of the family (Census)?No, the census definition of a family requires that two individuals of opposite sex be married and have children. The public holds various views of what a family is. For example, gay couples can adopt children, couples can use fertility treatments that allow a baby to have more than two parents, foster parents who care for children that biologically are not theirs, and children who are raised by family members other than their parents.4. Define and illustrate the following concepts/constructs: Social Group: A collection of people who interact with each other and share similar characteristics and a sense of unity. (online definition)Social Category: A collection of people who do not interact, but share similar characteristics. (online definition)Group Types: (text)-Primary: characterized by close, long-lasting, intimate, and face-to-face interaction. Example: The Family-Secondary: characterized by impersonal and short-term relationships in which people work together on common tasks or activities. Example: Sociology ClassMarriage: A socially approved mating relationship. (text)-Monogamy: one person is exclusively married to another person-Polygamy: a man or woman has two or more spousesCohabitation: A living arrangement in which two people who are not married and not related share living quarters and usually have a sexual relationship. (text)Conjugal Family: A family consisting of parents and their children and grandparents of a marital partner (online definition)Nuclear Family: A family consisting of a wife, a husband, and their biological or adopted children. (text)Traditional Family: Can be defined as a nuclear familySingle-parent Family: A family that consists of one parent and childrenBlended Family: A family consisting of a couple and their children of their and all previous relationships. (online)Extended Family: A family in which two or more generations live together or in close proximity. (text)Endogamy: a cultural rule that requires people marry and/or have sexual relations within their particular group. (text)Exogamy: a cultural rule that people marry outside of their particular group. (text)Stepfamily: A household in which two adults are biological or adaptive parents (heterosexual, gay, or lesbian), with a child from a prior relationship who elect to marry or cohabit. (text)Patrilineal Descent: A kinship system in which children take their father’s last name, this is the typical kind. (“The Family Is” ppt)Matrilineal Descent: A kinship system in which children take their mother’s last name. (“The Family Is” ppt)Bi-lineal Descent: A kinship system in which children take the last names of both of their parents or hyphenating them. (“The Family Is” ppt)Matriarchy: A familial relationship in which the authority is held by the oldest female, usually the mother. Women control cultural, political, and economic resources and, consequently, have power over men. (text)Patriarchy: A society or familial relationship in which the positions of power and authority-political, economic, legal, religious, educational, military, and domestic-are generally held by men. (text)Family Household: Living quarters containing all residents that are related.Non-family Household: A householder living alone or with non-family members.Kinship System: A network of people who are related by marriage, blood, or adoption. (text)Family of Orientation: The family into which a person is born. (text)Family of Procreation: The family a person forms by marrying and having or adopting children. (text)Patri-local Residence: When a couple and their children live with or near the father’s family. (“The Family Is” ppt)Matri-local Residence: When a couple and their children live with or near the mother’s family. (“The Family Is” ppt)Neo-local Residence: When a couple and their children create their own residence and environment, not in close proximity to either the wife’s or husband’s family. (“The Family Is” ppt)Homogamy: Dating or marrying someone who possesses similar social characteristics such as ethnicity, race, religion, age, and social class. (text)Heterogamy: Dating or marrying someone from a social, racial, ethnic, religious, or age group different from one’s own. (text)Serial Monogamy: Marrying several people, one at a time; that is marrying, divorcing, remarrying, divorcing again, and so on. (text)Divorce: The legal and formal dissolution of a marriage. (text)5. Compare and contrast above terms whenever applicable. For instance, distinguish between social group v social category, primary v secondary group, traditional v non-traditional family, marriage v family, etc.-Social Group vs. Social Category: Both collections share similar characteristics, but a social group interacts on a normal basis, whereas a category does not.-Primary vs Seconday Group: A primary group is long lasting and close, such as the family. However, a secondary group is only temporary and not very personal, like our spring semester SYO3100 class.6. Why is it important to understand the myths about the family? Include in your answer the specific generalizations held about the family and the facts that counter their validity.Over the years, myths about the family have been ingrained into our minds

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FSU SYO 3100 - Exam 1

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