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Music FinalStudent Achievement Goal #1: Existing Knowledge of the Discipline1. In a symphony orchestra, the “woodwind family” consists of the following instruments:A. flute, clarinet, oboe, bassoon 2. The interval formed by playing, for example, a “C” combined with another “C” eight notes A. An octave 3. A melodic fragment used to build melodies and themes, as in the first four notes of Beethoven’s 5th, is called: A. A motive 4. The marking “pp” instructs musicians to performA. Very softly 5. When a violinist plucks the strings, rather than using the bow, the technique is calledA. Pizzicato 6. Which of the following is not a double reed instrument?A. Clarinet 7. An instrument’s “tone color” is often referred to as itsA. Timbre 8. A musical texture consisting of a single melody accompanied by chords is considered:A. Homophonic 9. Notes that, when combined, are generally pleasing to the ear, form what is called aA. Consonance 10. The third movement of a typical classical symphony or string quartet uses _____________ form. A. Minuet 11. Vocal line in an opera or oratorio that imitates the rhythms and pitch fluctuations of speech.A. Recitative 12. Bridge composer between Classical and Romantic eras:A. Beethoven 13. The tempo marking “vivace” instructs the performer to playA. Fast, with lively character 14. Long unaccompanied solo that occurs typically near the end of a concerto movement:A. Cadenza 15. Widely regarded as Germany’s leading opera composer:A. Wagner 16. A is a virtuosic instrumental piece that also serves as a technique exercise.A. Concert Etude 17. Bartok’s Broken Intermezzo, from his Concerto for Orchestra, is in part a parody of the musical style of the Russian composer:A. Shostakovich 18. Blues composer who influenced Gershwin’s Rhapsody in Blue:A. W.C. Handy 19. was jazz’s first true superstar.A. Louis Armstrong 20. Dynamics in music refers to:A. Volume (how loud or how soft);Student Achievement Goal #2: Relating Music to the World at Large;21. The church music of J.S. Bach is a product of the religious tradition.A. Lutheran 22. One of the following was actually intended more as background entertainment for aristocratic gatherings:A. Mozart's Eine Kleine Nachtmusik 23. Baroque composer who spent much of his career as a church musician:A. Bach 24. Freud is said to have influenced this:A. expressionism25. The “beloved” in Berlioz’s piece was inspired by his real-life infatuation withA. Harriet Smithson26. Broadway musical that is an American urban adaptation of the Romeo and Juliet story:A. West Side Story 27. The Impressionist painter Monet is often linked with the one of the following composers:A. Debussy 28. _______________ is a ballet that depicts an idyllic rural, nineteenth-century American setting:A. Appalachian Spring 29. Composer who moved to U.S. to escape political oppression in Europe:A. Stravinsky 30. Instrumental music’s literary and programmatic associations began to be more important inthe _________________.A. Romantic Era31. American composer who wrote an opera based on Richard Nixon’s visit to The People’s Republic of China:A. John Adams 32. Russian composer who was a victim of Soviet era censorship:A. Shostakovich 33. Bohemian composer whose American experiences and the writings of Henry Wadsworth Longfellow served as inspiration for one of his famous symphonies:A. Dvorak 34. The original dedicatee of Beethoven’s Symphony No. 3, (“Eroica”):A. Napoleon Bonaparte35. Nationalistic sentiments first began to be suggested in music of the European classical tradition during the _____________A. Romantic Era36. First African-American composer to have a work performed by a major symphony orchestra:A. William Grant Still 37. First American city to support regular opera performances:A. New York 38. American city recognized as the birthplace of jazz:A. New Orleans 39. Important government organization that helps support musicians and other artists: A. National Endowment for the Arts 40. Major source of musical employment during the Medieval, Renaissance and Baroque eras:A. The church Study Guide for Chapters 37-43Music 1751/Section 1;1. What is the difference between a violin and a fiddle?a. Violin: string instrument, the soprano member of the violin family. b. Fiddle: an expensive violin played without much vibrato. 2. What is the term for a form of black folksong passed along by oral tradition that originated in the South sometime during the 1880’s and 1890’s?a. Black Folksong: Parlor Songs3. What did the work song and field holler bequeath to the blues?a. Gave the blues a wailing vocal style, a particular scale(Blues Scale),and a body of subjects or topics matter of the lyrics to sing.4. The term “instrumental break” implies what?a. Instrumental Break: a short instrument response to the voice and occurs at the end of each line. 5. What is a “blues scale?”a. Blues Scale: features blues notes i. Notes that fall between the diatonic notes of the scale ii. Common in African-American folksongs iii. Used in place of a major or minor scale6. Who is considered the “Empress of the Blues?”a. Empress of the Blues: Bessie Smith (1894-1937)7. Define the word “jazz.”a. Jazz: lively and energetic i. Pulsating rhythms and scintillating syncopations ii. Played by a combo or big hand iii. Tends to be polyphonic iv. Strong element of improvisation8. This early type of jazz emerged in the 1890’s and is characterized by a steady bass and a syncopated jazzy treble.a. Ragtime9. Who was the most famous composer of ragtime music?a. Composer of Ragtime music: Scott Joplin (1868-1917)10. Born in New Orleans, he was nicked named “Satchmo.”a. Satchmo: Louis Armstrong (1901-1971)11. This type of jazz was popular during the Second World War?a. Swing music12. This composer wrote 350 songs and as a high school dropout, he worked in Tin Pan Alley asa song plugger earning a respectable fifteen dollars a week.a. George Gershwin's Porgy and Bess (1965)13. This genre combines jazz styles with the idioms and forms of classical music.a. Genre: symphonic jazz14. This jazz style is characterized by a small ensemble, a breakneck speed of performance, complex accompaniment, an obscure and dissonant harmony, and a highly ornamented style of improvisation.a. Jazz Style: bebop 15. This style of jazz emphasizes lyricism, lower instrumental registers, moderate tempos,

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LSU MUS 1751 - Music Final

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