BC FILM 2202 - Elements of Film Structure

Unformatted text preview:

Elements of Film StructureStructure:  “film form”- Audiovisual design of a film- Techniques used to create a designContent:- Description of a film- Plotline, characters, theme, etc.Production Process1. Pre-Production- Writing a script, hiring cast/crew, design of sets, preparation of camera angle, rehearsal, etc.2. Production- Cinematography, sound recording, actual filming, etc.3. Post-Production- Editing of sound and image, composing the music score, visual effects, dialogue replacement, etc.- “digital grading”Director: control over structural and aesthetic details of the filmProducer: control over the schedule, budget, and administrative workBeta Movement: a rapid sequence of light will appear as only one sequence of light- 24 frames per secondTime- Running Time: duration of a filmo “feature films” = 90 to 120 minutes- Story Time: timeline of the story of a film- Internal Structural Time: duration of each shoto “tension and release”Space- Frame: dimension of the projected area on screeno “framing”/”composition”: arrangement of objects within a frame- Light can accentuate the shape, texture, and positioning of objectsCamera- Camera Positioning: distance between the camera and the subject it is photographingo Long shot  environment, setting, positioning in the scene “establishing shots”  beginning of a movieo Medium shot  closer look at characters with partial view of environment “one-shot”, “two-shot”, “three-shot”  shot dependent of number of peopleo Close-Up shot- Camera Angle: angle of the camera onto the objects, which depicts emotional responses from characterso “low angle”  below the subjecto “medium angle”/”eye-level”  even with the subjecto “high angle”  above the subjecto “canted angle”  tilted camera angle makes the world look off-kilterCamera Lens Different sized lenses can affect size of objects and depth within distances- Emulsion: the light-sensitive portion of a film- Focal Length: the distance between the film inside the camera and the optical center of the lenso Normal = 50mm focal length for 35 mm filmso Telephoto/Long focal = greater than the normal rangeo Wide angle/Short focal = smaller than the normal rangeo Zoom = variable Motion Parallax (“motion perspective”): a viewer believes that the camera is moving towards or away from a subject when in actuality the camera lens is just zooming in or out Rack Focusing: changing the lens focal plane within a shot- Foreground is blurry, background is clear- Background is blurry, foreground is clear- Angle of View: how much the focal length of a lens can seeo Shorter = increased angle of view = wider areao Longer = decreased angle of view = narrow area- Depth of Field: the amount from near to far that will remain in focuso Wide-angle = greater angle of view and depth of fieldo Telephoto = magnification of distant objects Stationary Capture- Pan: side to side movement- Tilt: up and down movement Moving Capture- Tracking/Dolly: parallel to the ground- Boom/Crane: up and down through spaceThe Camera and Human PerceptionPerceptual Transformation: the ability to show things differently than the ordinary visual experience- Telephoto and wide-angle lens show an image that the human eye cannot see- Fictional objects/customs are accepted by an audience as representative of a separate realityPerceptual Correspondence: the ability to show things in ways that reference/correspond with the ordinary visual

View Full Document

BC FILM 2202 - Elements of Film Structure

Download Elements of Film Structure
Our administrator received your request to download this document. We will send you the file to your email shortly.
Loading Unlocking...

Join to view Elements of Film Structure and access 3M+ class-specific study document.

We will never post anything without your permission.
Don't have an account?
Sign Up

Join to view Elements of Film Structure 2 2 and access 3M+ class-specific study document.


By creating an account you agree to our Privacy Policy and Terms Of Use

Already a member?