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Psych 100.1H Focus QuestionsChapter 16 (pp. 613-end) – Class 3411/13/20131. What is major depression and how does it differ from dysthymia? How does depression relate to generalized anxiety disorder? What are the possible causes of depression?a. Major depression—severe symptoms that last essentially without remission for atleast two weeksb. Dysthymia—less severe symptoms that last for at least 2 yearsc. GADi. Predisposed by the same genes, two disorders often occur in the same individuals. ii. 60% of people diagnosed with GAD also suffer from depression some point in time. GAD usually before major depression. d. Cause of depressioni. Negative thought pattern1. Hopelessness theory—reflect or cause?a. Depression results from pattern of thinking about negative events i. Disastrous consequencesii. Reflects negative about selfiii. Cause of something that is stable and globalii. Stressful experience1. Loss2. Kendler Twin Studyiii. Brain1. Norepinephrine and serotoniniv. Evolution1. Exaggerated form of response to loss2. Signal submissiveness and need for care3. Seasonal affective disorder2. Distinguish between Bipolar I and Bipolar II disorder. Describe what occurs during manic and hypomanic stages. Bipolar I disorder—classic type, one manic episode and one depressive episodeBipolar II disorder—high phase is less extreme and is referred to as hypomania rather than maniaa. Maniai. Expansive euphoric feelings, elevated self esteem, increased talkativeness,decreased need for sleep, enhanced energy and enthusiasmii. Increase in productivityiii. Judgement becomes poor and behavior maladaptive3. What are somatoform disorders, particularly conversion disorders? How is the brain implicated in these disorders? How do emotions affect health, especially heart disease and the immune system? Somatoform disorders—person experiences bodily ailments in the absence of physical disease could cause them. Conversion disorders—temporarily loses bodily function, in a manner that cannot be explained interms of physical damagea. Braini. Motor or sensory areas become less active and limbic and prefrontal inhibit those areas and become activeb. Emotionsi. Health1. Type A personalitly are at heightened risk of heart attacks2. Stress shuts down immune systema. More distress, more likely to get sick4. What is schizophrenia and what are the five main classes of symptoms of schizophrenia? Distinguish between positive symptoms, disorganized symptoms, and negative symptomsof schizophrenia.a. Positivei. Delusions, hallucinationsb. Disorganizedi. Thought and Speechii. Behaviorc. Negativei. Lack of expected behaviors 5. What are possible cognitive and neural deficits underlying schizophrenia? What role doesgenetics play? Include the term concordance in your response. What are environmental causes of schizophrenia?a. 6. How does the course of schizophrenia differ across cultures? Across

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PSU PSYCH 100H - Chapter 16

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