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HIST 0430 notes – Lecture 5: 2/5/14 – page 1De Coningh- romanticized view of Decima- first chapter in contrast with early days in Yokohamao friendly vs. arsonists- France/Britain too busy to protect, relieved when Russian marines come to protect them- in early years, gold way under market priceo British flipped for quick cash- theme: lack of protectionBakumatsu Japan: education- rangaku: Dutch studies- yogaku: Western studies- didn’t want to hire foreigners at first- Bansho Shirabasho: Bureau for Investigation of Barbarian Bookso couldn’t be called a school because of Confucian conflict- after Boshin War -> Nanko Daigaku Universityo began learning from foreigners directlyTreaties with Western Powers- US – first- British – by 1860so British man killed, demanded reparations, given by Tokugawa but not Sashamao Sir Harry Parkes dominated scene 50% of bakumatsu, 75% Meiji trade dominant overCivil War and the Meiji Emperor- 1855 Tokugawa created foreigners magistrate- divisions in Japano 3 prong waro war preceded by other conflicts- 1866 Civil War over, influx of guns in market – arming peasants- resurgence of nobility – kind of united under dislike of Tokugawa- foreign powers technically neutral, exceptions- shogun resigns before war o but believes he’ll still be important in new government- domains: o Tosao Choshuo Satsuma- Boshin – Katsu Kaishu – Saigo Takamori- only thing that changes after Restoration -> who treaty is addressed toMeiji Restoration- early 1868-1890- 1890-1912HIST 0430 notes – Lecture 5: 2/5/14 – page 2- charter oath: April 7 1868o 5 points1. deliberative assemblies and open discussion2. all classes involved in state affairs – nationalism3. common people pursue own calling4. past evil customs broken off, just laws of nature – vaguely Confucian5. knowledge sought throughout the world to strengthen imperial rule – basis of Japanese openness to world- How was it a restoration?o removed shogun/restored emperor’s roleo moved capital from Kyoto to Edo (Tokyo)o went back to Nara/Heian system of government at least in name- How was it not a restoration?o 16 y/o emperor not really rulingo genro (older statesmen) really had power Satsuma: Saigo Takamori, Okubo  Choshu: Kido- Ito – father of Japanese constitution- Yamagata  Saga: Okumao called sat-cho government – heroes of Meiji Restorationo emphasized central, not domain, governmentso Q: who gained the most from the Meiji Restoration?- How was it a revolution?o not called revolution, but viewed as oneo aristocratic/revolution from above of frustrated sub-elite (for many reasons)1. domains -> prefectures land tax 1873 peasants assessed by value of land, not harvest2. samurai -> commoners  shigoku separate class on paper, but really just commoners 1876 got rid of sword-bearing3. untouchables -> commonerso 1873 mandatory to buy bonds that decreased income 10-75% o gradual education increase – at least 4 years for most (even women) by 1890s4. new imperial authority new peerage system issuing rescripts5. new approach to West Western-style imperialism “rich country, strong military” Iwakura Embassy to the West – similar to Peter the Great’sHIST 0430 notes – Lecture 5: 2/5/14 – page 3 Western technology got rid of proscriptions against Christianity – edicts slowly

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Pitt HIST 0430 - Lecture notes

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