UMD COMM 107 - Chapter 12: Public Speaking-Developing the Message

Unformatted text preview:

Chapter 12: Public Speaking-Developing the Message Sources of Information- Most of the info we use to develop messages is based on personal experiences & observations or learning through school, the media, and reading. However, sometimes we need information from outside sources.- Primary sources of information: sources that represent the original reports of the observations or research; first hand/direct - Secondary sources of information: sources that report, but did not originally generate the observations or research - Books: great value but can be outdated - Magazines: provide recent information quickly; some inaccuracies may occur; growth of internet has decreased the number of magazines available; staff of magazine may have biases- Newspapers: becoming rarer in paper form- Journals - Index: provides a minimal amount of information on many topics - Wikis: internet sites that offer free info; users can add, delete or edit the information; inaccurate - Government publications - Special interest group publications - Non-print media: recordings, records, films, DVDs, ect- Interviews - Internet: most popular search for researching info- Computer based retrieval system: electronic database; get high quality information - Conducting an effective computer searcho Select a database that is relevant to the info you seek o Try key terms o Examine the hits o Boolean search: search that combines words connected by and or or o Mark the sources & save your sources & cite your sources - Quotations: material written or spoken by a person in the exact words in which it was originally presented - Paraphrases: someone else’s ideas put into your own words - Oral footnote - APA most frequently used in communication Supporting Material- Supporting speech material: should clarify a point you are making in the speech or offer evidence of the validity of the argument presented - Characteristics that make up memorable material: simple, unexpected, concrete, credible, emotion, story based- Forms of support you select depend on your purposes; different forms of support include stories, specific instances, exposition, statistics, analogies, testimony - Stories: most interesting form of support material - Specific instances: condensed examples used to clarify or prove a point - Exposition: gives listeners the necessary background info so that they can understand the material being presented - Statistics: any collection of numerical info arranged as representations, trends or theories o Statistical surveyingo Reliability: each time test is run, it shows the same resultso Validity: the process followed is correct - Analogies: compares an unfamiliar concept to a familiar one- Testimony: may be a direct quotation/actual statement or a paraphrase/reworded idea from an authority Use of the World Wide Web- Internet has a lot of info; not always prefect though- Be careful of blogs Techniques for Presenting Supporting Material - Internal summary: a short restatement of what has jst been said in the section that you are about to leave - Forecast: is a statement that alerts the audience to ideas that are coming - Signposting: a speaker reviews where the listeners have been, states where they are presently, and forecasts where they are going - Supplementary speech aids: visual, audio, audiovisual, computerized; augment the oral segments of their presentations o Visual aids: appeal to our sense of sight  Real objects, models, pictures/diagrams, charts, cutaways, mockups (shows building or tearing down of an article), flips charts/whiteboards/smart boards, presentation graphics o Audio aids: appeal to our sense of hearing o Audiovisual aids: such as films and videotapes combine the dimensions of sight and sound- Presentation software: can provide listeners with multimedia messages, stimulating their visual and auditory senseso Disadvantages: may have to turn off lights to see projection causing a sleep induced environment, risk of putting too much on the screen, speaker gets carried away with technical stuff o Use simplicity in design, visuals are extension of your ideas so make sure they follow the same organizational format, rule 5x5 (use 5 words per line and no more than 5 lines), avoid writing out speech on slides, font needs to be large enough to read, select fonts/colors that are readable, short phrases, use bullets/numbered lists, avoiddistractions/animated schemes, add interest devices, have a single slide with main points of the speech, final slide of visual/content


View Full Document

UMD COMM 107 - Chapter 12: Public Speaking-Developing the Message

Documents in this Course
Notes

Notes

12 pages

Exam 2

Exam 2

5 pages

Notes

Notes

5 pages

Notes

Notes

2 pages

CHAPTER 2

CHAPTER 2

10 pages

Chapter 1

Chapter 1

28 pages

Notes

Notes

2 pages

Midterm

Midterm

16 pages

Notes

Notes

8 pages

Chapter 1

Chapter 1

11 pages

CHAPTER 1

CHAPTER 1

12 pages

Notes

Notes

8 pages

Load more
Download Chapter 12: Public Speaking-Developing the Message
Our administrator received your request to download this document. We will send you the file to your email shortly.
Loading Unlocking...
Login

Join to view Chapter 12: Public Speaking-Developing the Message and access 3M+ class-specific study document.

or
We will never post anything without your permission.
Don't have an account?
Sign Up

Join to view Chapter 12: Public Speaking-Developing the Message 2 2 and access 3M+ class-specific study document.

or

By creating an account you agree to our Privacy Policy and Terms Of Use

Already a member?