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UT Arlington POLS 2312 - Political Culture and Economy

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POLS 2312 1st Edition Lecture 6 Current Lecture- 1861-1875- After the defeat of the confederacy we enter a period of Reconstruction. - Black men got the right to vote, amendment was passed. - States were being redeemed by Black rule. Postbellum Texas: - Dominance of Agriculture- Growth of railroads- New Labor System: Farm Tenancy and Sharecropping- Tenants paid back loans and for rent with portions of the crops they harvested- Focus more on just cotton growth which was connected to the growth of railroads. - Democratic Party after the war is following the Constitution. - If you voted for the Democratic Party back then, you would be betraying the Confederacy. Cattle: - The cattle industry in Texas started to dominate in Western Texas. Populism: rural revolt, which became a major problem after the war. - a response to worsening conditions in the rural South and West- organizations such as the southern Farmer’s Alliance favored agricultural cooperatives, a “sub-treasury” system, and a looser money supply- Texas Railroad Commission (1891)- A challenge to Democratic dominance?- Populist where wanting to create a looser money supply. - Less money in circulation so more money. These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor’s lecture. GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes, not as a substitute.- Jim Hogg put many things under populism to help the people out. The Post- Reconstruction Order: - Segregation- Plessy v. Ferguson (1896): the Supreme Court upheld racial segregation, arguing that “separate but equal” train cars and other facilities did not violate the Fourteenth Amendment’s “equal protection” clause- Plessy got on a train and refused to move and was arrested just like he intended om doing and was taken to court where he the 14th amendment as his defense, saying that the U.S. has to protect the people. - Supreme Court upheld the segregation. - Democratic Dominance: Political control by white Democrats was secured through the Poll Tax and White Primary- Texas put laws saying that African American couldn’t vote. - Texas also put a program of White primary - Democratic is completely in dominance of the South, also all the confederate states are voting for Democratic and this was the result of the Civil War. Democratic Dominance in the South: - Between 1900 and 1950, Republicans won only 80 of 2,565 congressional elections in the South- 50 victories were in 2 E. Tennessee districts, 17 in W. North Carolina and SW Virginia, 6were in a Texas district covering part of San Antonio and a number of “German” counties- Excepting these districts, southern Republicans won only 7 of 2,434 congressional electionsPresidential Election Results by the County (1928):- Exact same areas where slavery was


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