MCC BIO 202 - Fluid, Electrolyte and Acid-Base Homeostasis (7 pages)

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Fluid, Electrolyte and Acid-Base Homeostasis



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Fluid, Electrolyte and Acid-Base Homeostasis

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Lecture Notes


Pages:
7
School:
Mesa Community College
Course:
Bio 202 - Human Anatomy And Physiology II

Unformatted text preview:

Chapter 27 Fluid Electrolyte and Acid Base Homeostasis Chapter Objectives FLUID COMPARTMENTS AND FLUID BALANCE 1 Describe the various fluid compartments of the body and tell where fluid can move between them 2 Discuss the effect of osmolarity on water movement between compartments 3 Define water intoxication and describe possible causes 4 Discuss the sources of water gain and its avenues for loss 5 Define the processes available for fluid intake and how they are regulated 6 Indicate how ADH Angiotensin II Aldosterone and ANP act on organ systems to control the rate of fluid loss ELECTROLYTES IN BODY FLUID 7 Discuss the four general functions of electrolytes in the body 8 Contrast the electrolyte concentrations of the three major fluid compartments 9 Discuss the functions and the primary fluid compartment location of sodium 10 Examine the functions and the primary fluid compartment location of chloride 11 Examine the functions and the primary fluid compartment location of potassium 12 Examine the functions and the primary fluid compartment location of bicarbonate 13 Examine the functions and the primary fluid compartment location of calcium 14 Examine the functions and the primary fluid compartment location of phosphate 15 Examine the functions and the primary fluid compartment location of magnesium ACID BASE BALANCE 16 Specify the central role of H in acid base balance 17 List the three primary mechanisms to maintain the concentration of H within a very limited range of pH 18 List the three buffer systems and describe how each buffer system works to prevent large changes in the H concentration 19 Define acid base imbalances their effects on the body and the methods the body normally employs to compensate for excesses in acid and base 20 Discuss respiratory acidosis alkalosis in terms of the partial pressure of CO2 21 Discuss metabolic acidosis alkalosis in terms of HCO3 levels Chapter Lecture Notes Introduction In lean adults body fluids comprise about 55 60 of



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