LSU PHYS 2102 - Gauss’ Law II (16 pages)

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Gauss’ Law II



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Gauss’ Law II

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Lecture Notes


Pages:
16
School:
Louisiana State University
Course:
Phys 2102 - Gen Phys For Tech St
Gen Phys For Tech St Documents

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Physics 2102 Jonathan Dowling Flux Capacitor Operational Physics 2102 Lecture 05 TUE 02 FEB Gauss Law II Carl Friedrich Gauss 1777 1855 What Dat Flux Constant Area A Flux Ei A EA cos dA E Changing Area Flux EidA E cos dA What Dat is a Registered Trademark of Dowling Productions Inc All Rights Reserved Gauss Law General Case Consider any ARBITRARY CLOSED surface S NOTE this Gaussian Surface does NOT have to be a real physical object The TOTAL ELECTRIC FLUX through S is proportional to the TOTAL CHARGE ENCLOSED S E q q E dA 0 Surface The results of a complicated integral is a very simple One of Maxwell s 4 equations formula it avoids long calculations Examples q E dA 0 Surface What is Flux Through Surfaces S1 q 0 S2 q 0 S3 0 S4 0 Faraday s Cage Electric Field Inside Hollow Conductor is Zero Safe in the Plane Safe in the Car E 0 Choose any arbitrary surface inside the metal Since E 0 flux 0 Hence total charge enclosed 0 All charge goes on outer surface Inside cavity is shielded from all external electric fields Faraday Cage effect Gauss Law Cylindrical Symmetry Charge of q 10 C is uniformly spread over a line of length L 1 m Use Gauss Law to compute magnitude of E at a perpendicular distance of 1 mm from the center of the line E R 1 mm 1m Approximate as infinitely long line E radiates outwards Choose cylindrical surface of radius R length L co axial with line of charge Line of Charge q L Units C m Gauss Law Cylindrical Symmetry Approximate as infinitely long line E radiates outwards Choose cylindrical surface of radius R length L coaxial with line of charge E R 1 mm 1m E A E 2 RL q L 0 0 dA E so cos 1 L E 2k 2 0 RL 2 0 R R Recall Finite Line Example L 2 L 2 dx x E y k a 2 2 3 2 k a 2 2 2 a x a x a L 2 L 2 2k L 2 2 a 4a L If the Line Is Infinitely Long L a 2k L 2k Ey 2 a a L a R E Gauss Law Insulating Plate Infinite INSULATING plane with uniform charge density s E is NORMAL to plane Construct Gaussian box as shown q A Applying Gauss law we have 2 AE 0 0 Solving for the



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