MIT 17 251 - The Constitution and Congress (17 pages)

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The Constitution and Congress



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The Constitution and Congress

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Pages:
17
School:
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Course:
17 251 - Introduction to Congressional Politics
Introduction to Congressional Politics Documents

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The Constitution and Congress 17 251 17 252 Fall 2004 Road map Pre constitution Politics of the constitutional convention Key features of the Constitution pertaining to Congress Pre Constitution Self governance came over to American from East Anglia Colonies had legislatures SJC House of Burgesses The First Congress Continental Congresses 1774 1781 Council of independent state governments Coordinate state action Attempted to provide national services Post Office Foreign Affairs Etc The Second Congress Congress of the Confederation 1781 1789 Authorized under the Articles of Confederation Basic structure Equality of states Congress was the united states in Congress assembled Weaknesses Lack of popular moorings Lack of compulsion on states or individuals Weak floor rules Committees given no special standing The Politics of the Constitutional Convention Equality of rep 1787 General flow of the Convention mstates Ct comp Consti N NJ plan Va plan mstates Nationalism centralization What the Compromise Gave Us Virginia Population weighted representation Unicameral legislature National nullification Strong national government Congress elects Senate President N J Status quo Equal representation of states Coalition not nation Congress elects President no Senate State sovereignty Shared sovereignty The Constitution The Schematic The people State legislature N J Plan Senate House of Reps an l P a V President Key Features of the Constitution for Congress Membership Powers Free trade and one foreign policy Congress and the president sovereign House and Senate autonomous as institutions Walk through constitutional features Walk through Article I Formal analysis of bicameralism Bicameralism greater power to more conservative body Q S H WS Q WH Q W Q WH Q 1 WS Q Bicameralism gridlock S Q WH Q WS Q W Q empty H Presidential veto Tricameralism P Q S H WS Q WH Q WP Q W Q WH Q 1 WS Q If president is on one side of the status quo and both chambers are on the other side tricameralism



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