Evolutionary Theory and Important Figures

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Evolutionary Theory and Important Figures

Information on what evolutionary theory is, how it developed, and key figures in evolutionary theory with their main ideas and theories


Lecture number:
3
Pages:
2
Type:
Lecture Note
School:
University of Missouri
Course:
Anthro 2050 - Introduction to Biological Anthropology With Laboratory
Edition:
1
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Unformatted text preview:

Anthro2050 1st Edition Lecture 3 Outline of Last Lecture I. Biological Anthropology II. The Scientific Method in Biological Anthropology Outline of Current Lecture III. Evolutionary Theory IV. Important Figures in Evolutionary Theory Current Lecture Evolutionary Theory: - The history of evolutionary thought and the ideas that led to the development of our current theories on evolution and natural selection - Holds the idea that there is a time and a place for every thought and that, though Darwin is credited with evolution and natural selection, the same ideas would have come up around the same time with any scientist pursuing the research and ideas that already existed Important Figures in Evolutionary Theory: - Plato: main idea essentialism, an ideal form exists for every organism and variations are merely flaws or deviation from that perfect form, and this is true for every single creature. The problem with this idea is that it doesn't allow for gradual changes over time - Archbishop James Ussher: in 1654, used the Christian religious text the 'Bible' to estimate the age of the Earth. His calculation estimated the Earth to have been created in 4004 BCE At this time, life forms were ranked in the west in the Great Chain of Being, with man at the top between animals and divine figures, unlike the tree structure we refer to today that places humans among other animals - Nicholas Steno: The father of Geology. Was brought a shark to examine and noticed that the shark's teeth had similarities to things known as 'tongue stones'. These 'tongue stones' became the first recognized fossils of preserved organisms, versus casts of shells. These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor’s lecture. GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes, not as a substitute.



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