Brandeis LING 100A - Language as a human instinct (3 pages)

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Language as a human instinct



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Language as a human instinct

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Lecture Notes


Pages:
3
School:
Brandeis University
Course:
Ling 100a - Introduction to Linguistics

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Sophia Malamud Intro to Linguistics Language as a human instinct 1 Human language vs other meanings of language lan guage 1 a Communication of thoughts and feelings through a system of arbitrary signals such as voice sounds gestures or written symbols b Such a system including its rules for combining its components such as words c Such a system as used by a nation people or other distinct community often contrasted with dialect 2 a A system of signs symbols gestures or rules used in communicating the language of algebra b Computer Science A system of symbols and rules used for communication with or between computers 3 Body language kinesics 4 The special vocabulary and usages of a scientific professional or other group his total mastery of screen language camera placement editing and his handling of actors Jack Kroll 5 A characteristic style of speech or writing Shakespearean language 6 A particular manner of expression profane language persuasive language 7 The manner or means of communication between living creatures other than humans the language of dolphins 8 Verbal communication as a subject of study 9 The wording of a legal document or statute as distinct from the spirit American Heritage Dictionary 4th ed In linguistics language is 1 the pattern of human speech 2 the implicit systems that speaking and listening rely on Other things are language because of connections or analogies to this central case writing computer languages the language of dolphins or bees Exception sign languages full fledged human languages so central not peripheral object of linguistic study 1 2 Primacy of spoken language vs written French langue same root as English language Greek glossa Russian jazyk Irish teanga Hebrew l sh n Hausa a Chadic language of Nigeria and Niger harsh e and of course English tongue The core of the field of linguistics the analysis of spoken linguistic structure 3 Pinker language is an instinct Evidence 1 All human societies have full fledged complex language



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