NJCU POLI 102 - American Political Parties (56 pages)

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American Political Parties



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American Political Parties

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Pages:
56
School:
New Jersey City University
Course:
Poli 102 - U.S. POLITICS

Unformatted text preview:

Happy St Paddy s Day American Political Parties Overview Definition Functions Evolution of the American Party System The Two Party System Party Organization Campaign Finance Definition Political Parties A group of political activists who organize to win elections operate the government and determine public policy Functions Candidate Recruitment Parties need to find viable candidates for a whole range of elected positions at the federal and state level Obstacles to recruitment include time privacy finances prospects Functions Organizing and Running Elections Providing resources for candidates Providing ideas for candidates Functions Presenting alternatives to the electorate Voters need choices among candidates and among policy alternatives Democratic Party Platform Republican Party Platform Functions Operating the government legislative leadership positions executive appointments judicial appointments Functions Providing organized loyal opposition to government minority party or parties only Make sure if not in power that party is ready for next election leaders issues policies History of American Party System US developed the modern political party US relatively unique in the world in having a 2 Party System most of the world is multiparty with a few uniparty systems in non democratic states History Founding Period Federalists vs Antifederalists issues size and power of national government base Federalists primarily merchant commerical wealthy Antifederalists primarily small farmer craftsmen and south History Post Constitution Post Washington Federalists Adams vs Republicans Jefferson issues size and power of national government state rights base Federalist wealthy merchant and commerical intersests Republican artisans farmers History Era of Good Feelings Following War of 1812 Federalists cease to be a major party at the national level confined primarily to New England Enter period of One Party rule 1816 1825 Monroe Competition among individual Republican candidates



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