Pitt PHIL 2245 - LECTURE NOTES (4 pages)

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LECTURE NOTES



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LECTURE NOTES

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Pages:
4
School:
University of Pittsburgh
Course:
Phil 2245 - Analytic Philosophy

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Brandom 1 14 19 Sellars Week 2 Notes 1 Introductory comment for IM WS loved the mystery story form of organizing our peculiar genre of creative nonfiction writing It contrasts with the journalistic form of organization In the former you don t know what the main thesis that will be defended is until the very end In the latter you tell them what you re going to tell them tell them and then tell them what you ve told them 2 Roughly IM introduces crucial elements of an inferentialist semantics and SRLG introduces crucial elements of a normative pragmatics 3 Themes for IM a Material Inference b Inference vs mere association The difference is in part the normative character of inference about which more in SRLG plus account there of language language transitions c Material Logic substitution and form logical theological and geological forms Bolzano Frege method for moving from material goodness of inference to logical goodness of inference need a way to identify logical vocabulary cf two classical issues of philosophy of logic Materially good inferences essentially depend on the occurrence of nonlogical vocabulary Premises from which to reason vs Principles in accordance with which to reason Lewis Carroll Achilles and the Tortoise point on the side of logic Its analog for material case d Subjunctive conditionals and what they express WS s claim seems to be need to acknowledge material proprieties of inference in order to underwrite reasoning from counterfactual or subjunctive premises Q But why are these different from inferences underwritten simply by contingent regularities The former can be understood as enthymematic by supplying so called confusingly in this context material conditionals that is two valued classical truth functional conditionals Then modus ponens is the only rule of inference That is formally elegant but implausible for brutes and children cf the attribution of mastery of disjunctive syllogism to dog who sniffs one fork of a road not finding what he



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