WVU CLAS 231 - Exam 1 Study Guide (4 pages)

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Exam 1 Study Guide

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Exam 1 Study Guide


Notes on Exam 1

Study Guide
West Virginia University
Clas 231 - Greek & Roman Civilizatn Cultr
Greek & Roman Civilizatn Cultr Documents

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CLAS 231 Exam 1 Study Guide on Greek Religion Democracy Society and Daily Life Greek Religion Myth in literature what it means to be human mortal Religion specific beliefs and practices Savagery magic Greek Christianity Homer Hesiod The Theogeny Two main aspects 1 Polytheistic belief in many gods 2 Anthropomorphic gods give human qualities Zeus is the guardian of justice Pantheon 12 Olympians Dode Katheon 12 Olympians Athena Hermes Zeus Hera Poseidon Demeter Hestia Aphrodite Apollo Ares Artemis Hephaistos sometimes Dionysus and Hades No sacred book of revealed truth No institutionalized clergy No concept of salvation No devil Conflicting traditions No atheists For the afterlife you must dispose of the body properly for them to cross the River of Styx Religion was a contract appease a god to avoid earthly punishment or to gain favor Animal sacrifice fowl sheep pigs oxen most valuable Not omniscient omnipotent Sanctuaries Caduceus symbol of medicine Mystery cults happy afterlife Eleusinia Mysteries Demeter and Persephone Oracles Dodona of Zeus and Delphi of Apollo Democracy and Political Man Politics by Aristotle Politikos polis fit to live in a community City states 850 650 BC Wealthy landowners aristoi aristocracy Oligos the few Archo to rule 621 BC Draco s Code written set of laws and equal application Solon 638 558 BC forefather of democracy allowed property rights canceled all debts wealth vs birth criteria for holding office ended slavery by debt assembly of all citizens free males and Boule council Aereopagus law deciders for life decides homicides 546 BC Peisitrates tyrant Panathenaia created first standardized Homeric epics Cleisthenes father of Athenian Democracy 510 BC divided Attica into 10 demes insonomia equality of privilege before law isegoria equality of address Assembly Ekklesia main gov body of free male direct democracy vote by hand met every 9 days at Pnyx Hill oratory Hereopagus law court for homicide Hill of Ares Ephialtes creates jury system

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