ECU NUTR 1000 - Exam 1 Study Guide (9 pages)

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Exam 1 Study Guide

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Exam 1 Study Guide


This study includes information from Lecture 1 -4. All information either received from course textbook or classroom notes.

Study Guide
East Carolina University
Nutr 1000 - Contemporary Nutrition
Contemporary Nutrition Documents

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Nutrition 1000 003 Contemporary Nutrition Fletcher Exam 1 Study Guide Lectures 1 4 Lecture 1 August 27 What is Nutrition o The science that studies how nutrients and compounds in foods nourish and affect body functions and health We eat and drink to obtain Nutrients six classes Chemical compounds in foods to provide fuel for energy measured in kilocalories growth maintenance to regulate body processes Essential Nutrients o Macros carbs fats proteins energy yielding nutrients needed in higher amounts o Micros vitamins minerals needed in smaller amounts essential for metabolism by aiding enzymes that speed up reactions in the body o Water copious amounts needed daily for hydration protective cushion for organs lubricant for joints eyes mouth intestinal tract Phytochemicals Non nutrient compounds that contribute to health and may play a role in fighting chronic diseases Nutrients and Their Functions What drives our food choices Taste Culture o Taste is the most important consideration when it comes to making food choices Social reasons Trends o Food is important when bonding with others o Thanksgiving o Football games o Movie theaters and snacks Cost time convenience Habits Emotions Lecture 2 September 3 The Quality of the American Diet High in Sodium Saturated Fat Calories Low in Vitamin D Calcium Fiber Obesity is on the rise in America Adults o 65 overweight o 36 obese Children o 12 2 5 year olds obese o 18 6 19 year olds obese Nutritional Research Observational Research involves looking at factors in two or more groups of subjects to see if there is a relationship to certain health outcomes o Epidemiological Research study of populations of people Experimental Research involves at least two groups of subjects o Experimental group given a specific treatment o Control group given placebo sugar pill o Double blind placebo controlled experiment is gold standard Nutritional Genomics study of how specific food components affect gene expression in your cells and thereby

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