ECU NUTR 1000 - Final Exam Study Guide (30 pages)

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Final Exam Study Guide



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Final Exam Study Guide

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Chapter 11, 14, 15


Pages:
30
Type:
Study Guide
School:
East Carolina University
Course:
Nutr 1000 - Contemporary Nutrition
Contemporary Nutrition Documents

Unformatted text preview:

NUTR 1000 003 Exam 4 Study Guide Lectures 19 12 Lecture 19 September 7 Chapter 11 Nutrition and Fitness What is Physical Fitness and Why is it Important Physical Fitness good health or good physical condition is primarily the result of exercise and proper nutrition o 5 Basic Components of Physical Fitness Cardiorespiratory Endurance Ability to sustain cardiorespiratory exercise for an extended period of time ex Running biking Cardiovascular respiratory systems must provide enough oxygen and energy to muscles Muscle strengthening Ability to produce force for brief time ex Weight lifters body builders cheerleaders ballet dancers Muscle endurance Ability to exert force for brief time ability to sustain the lift for a long period Flexibility Range of motion around a joint improved with stretching o Reduces risk of injury o Gymnast vs Toe Touching Stretching o Static relax then extend the muscle o Dynamic stretching muscles while moving o Ballistic bouncing greater chance of injury Body Composition Proportion of muscle fat water and other body tissues that make up body weight can change w o changing body weight Redistribution of weight More muscle vs fat muscles are more compact than fat Health Benefits of Physical Activity Nearly half of American lead a sedentary life physical activity is essential for long healthy life Physical Activity includes o Day to day activities o Exercise Physical activity and consuming a healthy diet benefit everyone Improves health and fitness o Assists in weight management improved body composition Reduced risk of cardiovascular disease and of developing certain cancers o Improves overall cardiac function strengthens heart muscle o Improves blood lipid regulation increases HDL and helps decrease LDL Reduces risk of type 2 diabetes risk Improves bone health Enhancement of mood Physical Fitness Programs Based on 5 components of fitness Get the most out of Physical Fitness programs by using the FITT principle o Frequency Intensity Type Time o



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