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Goodwin BIO 211 - Chapter 8 Concept Check

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Goodwin College Bio 211 Concept CheckChapter 8The material contained in this concept check includes some of the major topics, but not all. Please usethis as a “guide” as you study and go through the lecture and lab material.1. Pair the bone with the term on the right, more than one may apply:Scapula: Pectoral GirdleFemur: Appendicular SkeletonHyoid: Axial SkeletonCoccyx: Pelvic GirdleRadius: Appendicular SkeletonSternum: Axial SkeletonClavicle: Pectoral Girdle Axial SkeletonAppendicular SkeletonPectoral GirdlePelvic Girdle2. List the bones that are separated by the following sutures:a. Squamous: separates the parietal and the temporal boneb. Lambdoid: separates the parietal from the occipital c. Sagittal: separates the parietal from one anotherd. Coronal: separates the parietal from the frontal 3. Label the below diagram.Goodwin College Bio 211 Concept CheckChapter 8The material contained in this concept check includes some of the major topics, but not all. Please usethis as a “guide” as you study and go through the lecture and lab material.4. How many bones (adult) are in each part of the vertebral column; and what type of curvature is associated with it?a. Cervical: There are 7 bones. Is slightly inwards and has a backwards C shape appearanceb. Thoracic: There are 12 bones. Has a forward curvature aka kyphosis. c. Lumbar: There are 5 bones. Has an inwards curve, a bit more on the acute angle side.5. Describe the following.a. Atlas: is a bone located below the skull. The bone is disc shaped and looks like it has handles if being look from above. Is made up of the anterior tubercle, posterior tubercle, transvers foramen, and transverse processb. Axis: This bone is below the atlas bone. They join to support the skull while also facilitating movement. This bone is disc shape as well as and has an extension (dens) that lock into the atlas. This is made up of the dens, superior articular foramen, lamina, spinous process, and the transverse processc. Intervertebral Disc: is located between vertebrae; it’s a pad like made of nucleus pulposus and fibrosus. This binds vertebrae together while also supporting the weight ofthe body and absorbs shock.d. False Ribs: is located thoracic cage. Bones 8-12 these ribs lack independent connections to the sternumGoodwin College Bio 211 Concept CheckChapter 8The material contained in this concept check includes some of the major topics, but not all. Please usethis as a “guide” as you study and go through the lecture and lab material.e. Floating Ribs: are ribs 11-12. These ribs do not have cartilaginous connections to the sternum or the higher costal cage. These bones hang out like spikes. 6. How do your number the bones of the hand; Which bone do you start with: are there any special names associated with the thumb and big toe? The hand is made up of many bones. To put these bones altogether we can split them apart. Starting at the wrist. The wrist has 8 bones and is split into 2 rows. The proximal row which contains the scaphoid, lunate, triquetrum, and pisiform bones. Then, distal row which contains the trapezium, trapezoid, capitate, and the hamate. Further in the hand there is the palm. The palm area in the bone structure is the metacarpal bones. This is split in 3 areas. The proximal base to the thumb aka Metacarpal I, the primal base to the “pinky “, aka Metacarpal V, and the proximal base. Lastly, we have the phalanges. Starting at the thumb(pollex), it has 2 phalanges the proximal and distal phalanx, the fingers each have 3 phalanges: the proximal, middle, and distal phalanx. Thus, completing all the bone of the hand row by row 7. Describe the anatomical features/bone markings below.a. Condyle: a round knob that connect with another boneb. Foramen; whole through a bone for the passing of blood and nerve vessels c. Process; all bony prominenced. Head; expanded end of a bonee. Sinus: chambers that add resonance to the voice and lighten the skull. These are lined by mucous membrane that are air filled. f. Fossa; broad, shallow, or elongated basin8. Discuss the differences between the bones in the pectoral girdle versus the bones in the pelvicgirdle. Name the bones in each set. Bones in the pectoral gridle support the arm. This is made up of following bones; the clavicle, also known as the collar bone. this S shaped bone has a flatten end know as the Acromial end and a hammer like end known as sternal end. The second bone is the Scapular bone aka the shoulder blade. This bone has 3 sides the superior, inferior, and lateral angle. It also has 3 anglesthe superior, inferior, and lateral angle. These bones look like elephant ears, they connect to thespine and some of the ribs. The pelvic Gridle on the other hand, has more bones. It is made up of 3 bones. The coxal bones, these are the 2 hips which can also be called ossa coxea and one sacrum. The hip bone has 3 parts the ilium (large bone), ischium (inferior posterior) and the pubis (most interior). The sacroiliac joint is responsible for joining the coxal to the vertebral.Goodwin College Bio 211 Concept CheckChapter 8The material contained in this concept check includes some of the major topics, but not all. Please usethis as a “guide” as you study and go through the lecture and lab material.Label the diagram


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