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Goodwin BIO 211 - Chapter 10 Concept Check

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Goodwin College Bio 211 Concept CheckChapter 10The material contained in this concept check includes some of the major topics, but not all. Please usethis as a “guide” as you study and go through the lecture and lab material.1. Describe the following functions of muscle tissue:a. Movement: Move from one place to another. Helps moves body parts while also movingbody contents in breathing, circulation, and digestionb. Stability: Maintain posture by preventing unwanted movementsc. Control of body openings: a good example of this is the Sphincters. The sphincter is an internal muscular ring that control the movement of food, blood, and other materials within bodyd. Heat Production: skeletal muscles are responsible for most of our body heat; They insulate.e. Glycemic Control: Are the Muscles in our bodies that absorb and store glucose which helps regulate blood 2. Pair each type of connective tissue to what it surrounds:1.Endomysium B2.Perimysium C3.Epimysium A4.Fascia DA. Surrounds the entire muscleB. Surrounds a muscle fiberC. Surrounds a muscle fascicleD. Separates muscle groups3. Explain the role and relationship to the other muscle categories from their actions:a. Prime Mover: Is the name of the joint that produces the most force when partaking in aparticular joint action. This muscle is the one in charge for other to help and follow. b. Synergist: This muscle is responsible for assisting the prime movement. This muscle doesthis by adding force, changing direction of a movement c. . Fixator: This is the muscle that prevents movement of boned. Antagonist: This muscle gets its name thanks to its function. This muscle goes against the prime movers’ actions.Goodwin College Bio 211 Concept CheckChapter 10The material contained in this concept check includes some of the major topics, but not all. Please usethis as a “guide” as you study and go through the lecture and lab material.4. Fill in the shape of the muscles above.5. Describe the muscles of the head and neck:• The head and neck have many muscles that pull everything together. The Temporalis: closes themandible, the masseter which starts on the zygomatic arch and inserts on the angle of themandible. These tie in with the muscle of the neck; Digastric (opens mouth), Mylohyoid(elevates floor of mouth at), Stylohyoid (elevates hyoid) and the Sternohyoid (depresses hyoid).Also, there is the muscle acting on the head. This sternocleidomastoid which is a neck flexor andthe Trapezius which is a neck extender. These are the way the muscles of the head and neckcombine and allow motion.6. Order the lateral abdominal muscles from superficial to deep:a. _____________External Obliqueb. __________ Internal obliquec. ___ Transverse Abdominus External ObliqueInternal ObliqueTransverse Abdominus7. List the muscles of the rotator cuff: Supraspinatus, infraspinatus, teres minora, subscapularis. 8. List the muscles of the upper extremity: FUSIFORMPARALLELTRIANGULARBIPENNATEUNIPENNATEMULTIPENNATECICULARGoodwin College Bio 211 Concept CheckChapter 10The material contained in this concept check includes some of the major topics, but not all. Please usethis as a “guide” as you study and go through the lecture and lab material.Clavicle, Scapula, Humerus, Radius, Ulna, Carpal bones,5 Metacarpal bones,14 Phalanges9. List the muscles of the lower extremity:abductor digiti minimi, abductor hallucis and adductor, adductor brevis, adductor longus and magnus, adductor minimums, articularis genu, biceps femoris, dorsal interosseous, extensor digitorum , Glute muscles (medium, maximus, minimums), gracilis, iliacus, and iliopsoas Vastus (intermedium, lateralis, medialis), tibialis( anterior, posterior), tensor fasciae latae, gemellus(inferior, posterior) ,lumbricals, obturator(externus, internus), pectineus,


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