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FSU ITA 2220 - STUDY GUIDE FINAL EXAM ITALIAN 3

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STUDY GUIDE FINAL EXAM ITALIAN 3 CHAPTER 9 VOCABOLARIO:ITALIAN INGLESEGli auguri (Best) wishes, congratulationsIl bagaglio Baggage, luggageIl bagaglio a mano Carry-on bagFeriale (adj) WeekdayLa festa Party/holidayFestive Weekend day/ holidayI fuochi d’artificio Fireworks La processione ProcessionLa sagra Traditional local festivalLa settimana Bianca Winter vacation week traditionally spent skiingLa valigia SuitcaseIl viaggio TripCelebrare/Festeggiare To celebrateFare la valigia To pack a suitcaseTrascorrere le vacanze To spend one’s vacationL’andata e ritorno Round tripL’arrivo ArrivalLa biglietteria Ticket officeIl binario PlatformLa caroozza/il vagone Railway carLa coincidenza ConnectionIl controllore ConductorIl facchino PorterIl finestrio WindowLa partenza DepartureIl/la passegger/a PassengerIl/la pendolare CommunterIl posto SeatLa prima classe First classIl ritardo DelayLa seconda classe Second classLo sportello Ticket windowIl treno TrainEssere in orario To be on timeEssere in partenza/arrive To be leaving/arrivingFare il pendolare To communtePerdere il treno To miss the trainTimbrare il biglietto To stamp/validate a ticketL’agiturismo Farm holidayL’alta/la bassa stagione High/low seasonL’auto a noleggio Rental carIl de’pliant BrochureLa destinazione DestinationLa disponibilita’ AvailabilityLe informazioni InformationL’ospite GuestL’ostello HostelLa prenotazione ReservationIl programma Travel plansLa tariff Rate/priceMezza pensione Breakfast and dinnerPensione complete All meals includedEconomic CheapFare una prenotazione/prenotare To make a reservation/to reserveInformarsi To find outNoleggiare To hire/to rentPernottare To spend the nightL’accettazione Check in deskL’assistente di volo Flight attendantL’atterraggio LandingLa carta d’imbarco Boarding passLa cintura di sicurezza SeatbeltIl decollo TakeoffLa dogana CustomsLo scalo Layover/stopoverLa tappa Leg (of the journey)L’uscita GateIl volo diretto Nonstop flightA bordo On boardAllacciare To fastenAtterrare To landConsegnare To hand over, to giveDecollare To take offImbarcare To boardPassare la dogana To go through customsProseguire per… To continue on to…Volare To flyAltre Parole Ed Espressioni:Amore LoveAndare a monte To come to nothingConviene It’s a good idea, it’s worthwhileDa nessuna parte NowhereEccomi, eccoti, eccolo Here I am, here you are, here he isE’ vietato It is prohibitedEntro With inIntanto In the mean timeLasciar perdere To forget about itMe lo auguro! I hope so!Mica tanto Not reallyPer un pelo By the skin of one’s teethPero’! Wow!Posticino Nice little spotQuasi quasi Just maybe, possiblySia… che… BothSubito Right awaySudato fradicio Soaked with sweatTesoro DarlingUn sacco di… A ton of…GRAMMAR:Il Trapassato Prossimo - The past perfect is used to describe a past action that preceded another past action. This action happened before another past action… Trapassato Prossimo  Passato Prossimo Presente… It’s a compound tense formed with the imperfect of essere or avere and the past participle of the verb. Avevo AvevamoAvevi AvevateAveva Avevano ESSERE AVEREEroEravamoEri EravateEraErano*The past participle agrees with subject when using EssereKey words to look for in sentences that contain trapassato prossimo *they are placed between the auxiliary verb ad the past participleGia’ = already Prima = Before Dopo che = AfterAppena = As soon as Quando = WhenEx:Avevamo gia’ studiato l’italiano quando siamo andati in Italia: We had already studied Italian when we went to Italy. Mi ero appena alzata quando mia madre mi ha chiamato:I had just gotten up when my mother called me. Il Congiuntivo Imperfetto: The imperfect subjunctive is used same way as present subjunctive for example after verbs of necessity, uncertainty, doubt, desire, or emotion. It is used when the action of the dependent clause is occurring at the same time or later than the action of the independent clause. Verb is formed by dropping the infinitive ending and adding the following:Assi AssimoAssi AsteAsse AsseroARE ERE IREEssi EssimoEssi EsteEsse Essero Issi IssimoIssi IsteIsse Issero Irregular verbs :Essere: Fossi, Fossi, Fosse, Fossimo, Foste, FosseroDire: Dicessi, Dicessi, Dicesse, Dicessimo, Dicest, DicesseroBere: Bevissi, Bevessi, Bevesse, Bevessimo, Beveste, BevesseroFare: Facessi, Facessi, Facess, Facessimo, Faceste, FacesseroStare: Stessi, Stessi, Stesse, Stessimo, Steste, StesseroDare: Dessi, Dessi, Desse, Dessimo, Deste, DesseroEX:Pensavo che tu fossi italiana : I thought you were ItalianCredevo che lei venisse alla festa: I thought she was coming to the party*Recognize the difference:Sembra che quel treno parta : Sembrava che quell treno partisseIt seems that train is leaving : It seemed that train was leaving Il Congiuntivo Passato: The past subjunctive is used when the independent clause is in the past tense, but the action of the dependent clause happened before it.*It is formed with the present subjunctive of essere or avere and the past participle of the verb: ESSERE AVEREAbbia AbbiamoAbbia AbbiateAbbia Abbiano Sia SiamoSia SiateSia Siano EX: Spero che l’aereo non sia gia’ partito : I hope the plane hasn’t already leftSembra che Andrea abbia dimenticato il portafoglio : It seems that Andrea forgot his walletIl Congiuntivo Trapassato: The past perfect subjunctive describes a past action in the dependent clause that happened before another past action in the independent clause. *Same concept as Trapassato Prossimo, just with a subjunctive idea behind it. *Formed with the imperfect subjunctive of essere and avere Essere AvereAvessi AvessimoAvessi AvesteAvesse Avessero Fossi FossimoFossi FosteFosse Fossero EX:Non sapevo che lei fosse andata in Argentina : I didn’t know she had gone to ArgentinaCredevo che gli student avessero letto la Divina Commedia : I though the students had read the Divine Comedy. I Negativi : In addition to using the word “Non” to imply a negative expression there are several others with more implication to them when combining with “non”. Non… nulla/niente NothingNon… nessuno NobodyNon… nessuno/a Not any/ not oneNon… affatto Not at allNon… piu’ Not anymoreNon… mai NeverNon… ancora Not yetNon… ne’… ne’… Neither… nor…Non… neanche,


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