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FSU ITA 2220 - Chapter 11 Exam Study Guide

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Chapter 11 Exam Study Guide Italian 3VOCABOLARIO:ITALIAN INGLESEL’autore/L’autrice AuthorIl brano Short passageIl capitolo ChapterL’enciclopedia EncyclopediaIl genere GenreLa narrativa Narrative/FictionIl paragrafo ParagraphIl poema Long poem/Epic poemLa poesia Poetry/Short poemIl poeta/La poetessa PoetLa prosa ProseIl racconto/La novella Short storyIl romanzo NovelLo scrittore/La scrittrice WriterIl secolo CenturyIl titolo TitleLa trama PlotIl volume VolumeAnalizzare To analyzeTrattare di To be aboutLa casa editrice Publishing houseLa collana Collection/SeriesLa copertina rigida HardcoverLa copia CopyL’editore Editor/PublisherL’edizione tascabile Paperback/Soft cover bookLa fantasia ImaginationIl lettore/La lettrice ReaderA cura di Edited byCollegato OnlineEsaurito Sold out/Out of printIllustrato IllustratedIn rete OnlineIn traduzione In translationCollegarsi To go onlineOrdinare To orderPubblicare To publishSfogliare To flip throughStampare To printL’abbonamento SubscriptionL’articolo ArticleL’edicola NewsstandIl giornalaio Newspaper vendorIl giornale/Il quotidiano Daily newspaperIl/La giornalista JournalistL’inserto SupplementIl mensile MonthlyIl numero IssueIl periodico PeriodicalLa pubblicità AdvertisementLa rivista Magazine La rubric ColumnIl settimanale WeeklyI titoli HeadlinesIn omaggio/In regalo Free/ComplimentaryAbbonarsi To subscribeIl canale ChannelLa notizia/Le notizie NewsIl presentatore/La presentatrice AnnouncerIl programma ProgramIl programma a puntate SeriesLa pubblicità/Lo spot AdvertisementLa rete (televisiva) (Television) NetworkIl telecomando Remote controlIl telefilm Made-for-TV movieIl telegiornale/Il TG News programLa trasmissione TelecastTV via cavo/Satellite/Digitale Cable TV/Satellite/DigitalIn diretta Live broadcastRegistrato TapedAccendere la TV To turn on the televisionSpegnere la TV To turn off the televisionAndare in onda To be on the airAltre Parole Ed Espressioni:Accidenti! My gosh, wow!Affare fatto Done deal/Consider it doneAndare di male in peggio To go from bad to worse(Aspettare) un attimo! (Wait) Just a moment!Che divertente! How funny!Che fifa! How teffifying!Che Le/ti devo dire? What can I tell you?Che scocciatura! What a nuisance!Essere in gamba To be on the ball/SmartEssere una barzelletta To be a jokeFare qualcosa coi piedi To do something in a slapdash wayFar ridere a crepapelle To make someone laugh/Split one’s sides laughingLo credo bene! I believe it!/ I bet!Mandare tutto a rotoli To ruinNon mi dire! Don’t tell me!Notizia bomba Sensational newsSa/Sai com’è You know how it isTenersi aggiornato/a su To keep up to date onTo’! Take it!/Look at that!Un mucchio di A ton ofVado matto/ a per I’m crazy about…(Stare) zitto/a! Shhh!/ Be quiet!/Shut up!GRAMMER:IL PASSATO REMOTO : A past tense used most commonly to describe actions in the distant past. Often historical events or narrative past tense. Regular verbs formed by dropping the infinitive suffix and adding the following endings: ARE EREAI AMMOASTI ASTEò ARONOEI/ETTI EMMOESTI ESTEè/ETTE ERONO/ETTERO IREII IMMOISTI ISTEì IRONO1-3-3 irregular verbs- First person singular, and third person singular and plural are irregular. Tu, Noi, and Voi are regular based on the infinitive stem.ARE, ERE, IREIo – I Noi-regularTu-regular Voi-regularLui/Lei- E Loro-EroList of 1-3-3 irregular verbs:Infinitive 1-3-3 Irregular stem Tu, Noi, Voi Regular stemLeggere Less LeggScrivere Scriss ScrivVivere Viss VivSapere Sepp SapTenere Tenn TenVenire Venn VenVolere Voll VolDipingere Dipins DipingVincere Vins VincChiedere Chies ChiedDecidere Decis DecidMettere Mis MettPrendere Pres PrendRimanere Rimas RimanRispondere Rispos RespondScendere Sces ScendSorridere Sorris Sorrid Dare Died DDire Diss DicBere Bevv BevStare Stett StFare Fec FacAvere Ebb Av ESSEREFui FummoFosti FosteFu Furono I NUMERI ORDINALI: Used to indicate order or rank, are adjectives and agree in number and gender, symbolized with a degree mark (circle to left right corner of number) for masculine, and lower case “a” (in upper right corner of number) for feminine -First Ten Ordinal Numbers:1 Primo2 Second3 Terzo4 Quarto5 Quinto6 Sesto7 Settimo8 Ottavo9 Nono10 Decimo -All other ordinal numbers are formed by dropping the final vowel of the cardinal number and adding the suffix “ESIMO”Ex: 100 cento  centesimo 82 ottantadue  ottantaduesimo-Numbers ending in “tre” or “sei” keep the final vowel before adding “ESIMO”Ex: 23 ventitre  ventitressimo 36 trentasei  trentaseiesimo-Centuries1200-1300 Il Duecento Il Tredicesimo Secolo1300-1400 Il Trecento Il Quattordicesimo Secolo1400-1500 Il Quattrocento Il Quindicesimo Secolo1500-1600 Il Cinquecento Il Sedicesimo Secolo1600-1700 Il Seicento Il Diciassettesimo Secolo1700-1800 Il Settecento Il Diciottesimo Secolo1800-1900 L’Ottocento Il Diciannovesimo Secolo1900-2000 Il Novecento Il Ventesimo Secolo2000-2100 Il Duemila Il Venunesimo SecoloCHE E QUALE-Che: WHAT; used to inquire about a general category of things or people; may also be used in exclamationsEx: Che tipo di libri leggi di solito?  What kinds of books do you usually read? Che bel film!  What a beautiful film!-Quale: WHICH; used to distinguish among specific things or people, agrees in number with the noun it modifies; plural QUALI ; when quale is followed by è it is written qual è Ex: Quale autore preferisci?  Which author do you prefer? Quali quotidiani leggi di solito?  Which newspapers do you usually read? Qual è la tua rivista preferita, Amica o Grazia?  Which is your favorite magazine, Amica or Grazia?IL DISCORSO INDIRETTO:-Direct discourse is exact quotation of a person’s words. Ex: Dice “Vado al cinema”  He said, “I am going to the movies”-Indirect discourse reports a person’s words indirectly; dire, domandare, rispondere, and chiedere are used to introduce indirect discourse.* When the introductory verb is in the present tense there’s no change of tense from direct to indirect discourseEx: Dice “Leggo un libro”  Dice che legge un libro He said “I am buying a book”  He said he is buying a book*When introductory verb is in the Passato Prossimo, Imperfetto, or Passato Remoto, there are specific verb changes along with the change in subjectDiscorso Diretto Discorso IndirettoPresente ImperfettoImperfetto ImprerfettoPassato prossimoTrapassatoEx:


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