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DEP 4014Final Exam ReviewChapters 1-13Thoroughly read the textbook and PowerPoint outlines. You are also responsible for concepts discussed in class. Some of the questions on the test may contain portions or sections of a concept; make sure to choose the best answer in all cases. Be able to define, describe, identify the following; be familiar with correlates of constructs below: CHAPTER 1 1. Be able to define socialization.a. Processes involved in teaching children skills, behaviors, values, & motivations necessary for competent functioning in a culture2. Be familiar with the view of infants as a “blank slate”.a. John Locke “tabula rasa”b. Rejects notion that children are innately sinfulc. Children as rational beings; did not believe in reward or punishmentCHAPTER 23. Be familiar with the core premise of Attachment Theory; also be able to name and describe the two parts of the behavioral system underlying attachment.a. Focus is to understand how love between parent and child affects development.b. Addresses establishment, maintenance, and consequences of affectionate bonds between parents and childrenc. Novelty seekingd. Proximity seeking4. Be familiar with the term scaffoldinga. parents are able to elicit more mature behavior from childrenb. Parents erect a structure around a desired behavior to support child’s more advanced behaviorCHAPTER 35. Be familiar with the parenting traits approach (e.g., how does this approach conceptualize parenting?; what are limits of this approach?)a. Describing parents with one major child-rearing quality or characteristic6. Be able to define a mediator and moderatora. Moderator variable – affects the strength or direction of a relation between two other variablesb. Mediator variable – explains how or why two variables are associatedCHAPTER 47. What are experiments of nature? What are examples of experiments of nature mentioned in the book.a. what happens when children are raised without parents or are severely deprived of social stimulation? b. Genie8. Be familiar with Bartholomew’s classification scheme of attachment based representations of self and others. CHAPTER 59. Be familiar with the research on socioecononomic status and parenting (specifically regarding discipline). a. parents from lower SES more likely to use physical punishment compared to middle class parentsb. Explanation: parental occupation and general life situations lead parents to hold particular child rearing values10. Be familiar with parenting children in poor, inner-city neighborhoods.a. Parenting characterized by distrust, encouragement of independence, emphasis on aggression b. Results from behavior of stressed mothers c. Alternative: Results from adaptive response to dangers of environments that maximizes survival.d. Some parents respond to living in inner city with depression and harsh child punishment; whereas others are active and strategic in child rearing 11. Be familiar with the “Goodness of fit” constructa. Parenting needs to be matched to child’s temperamentb. Case of parenting a fearful child12. What factor is most influential in determining how a parent responds to a child’s misbehavior? a. Parental life experience13. Different determinants of parenting can influence each other in several ways. Most commonly, variables can have 1) additive, 2) moderating, and 3) mediating effects. Be familiar with each of these 3 terms and give examples of each. a. Additive (cumulative) effects – results when variables combine to form a stronger influence on behavior than any other variable has on its owni. E.g., parent has bad temper + child difficult + parent looses jobàabusive parentingb. Moderatingi. E.g., supportive spousec. Mediatingi. E.g., perception of economic strainCHAPTER 6 14. What are the effects of delayed parenthood?15. Know the different assisted reproductive technologies available to treat infertility (e.g., IUI, IVF [GIFT, ZIFT, ICSI]).a. Intrauterine insemination (IUI)i. Most commonii. Frozen sperm placed directly into uterusiii. Least expensiveb. In vitro fertilization (IVF)- Egg and sperm combined in a petri dish and fertilized egg transferred into uterus.i. 3 variants 1. Gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT) – inserting egg and sperm by way of laparoscope into fallopian tube2. Zygote intrafallopian transfer (ZIFT) – similar to GIFT but fertilization occurs similar to IVF and zygote then transferred into fallopian tube3. Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) – single healthy sperm injected into single female egg; once fertilized, zygote is inserted for implantation. 16. Know the diffierent types of chromosomal disorders mentioned in the textbook (e.g.,.Klinefelter Syndrome, Turner Syndrome, Cri du Chat, Down Syndrome).a. Trisomy 21 (extra chromosome)b. Klinefelter syndrome i. XXY in malesc. Turner syndrome i. Only X in femalesd. Cri du chat syndromei. Portion of chromosome #5 is deletede. Dominant inheritance - Achondroplasia (dwarfism); Marfan syndromef. Recessive Inheritance - Tay-Sachs disease; Cystic fibrosis; Phenylketonuria (PKU)g. X-linked Inheritance – Hemophilia; Duchenne muscular dystrophy h. Multifactorial Inheritance - Neural tube defects17. What is parental sensitivity?a. Sensitivity is the process of effectively performing common child rearing tasks. i. Requires attunement to infant child’s cues and quick and appropriate responses.b. Three key indicators of a parents sensitivity are:i. How rapidly parent respondsii. Dependability of parents responseiii. How successful is parent at comforting childCHAPTER 7 18. Be familiar with synaptic pruninga. at 2 years through adolescence19. Know about temperament; be able to name and describe the three broad factors that characterize temperament (identified in more recent research by Putnam and Colleagues). a. Negative emotionalityb. surgencyc. effortful control20. What is structuring?a. Degree to which parents provide predictable, organized environment for the child.b. Provides stability, predictability, and security. c. Ways parents structure environmenti. Establish routines (e.g., bedtime)ii. Set limits (e.g., TV)iii. Structure

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FIU DEP 4014 - Final Exam Review

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