Unformatted text preview:

Mission: BISU is committed to provide quality higher education in the arts and sciences, as well as in the professional and technological fields; undertake research and development, and extension services for the sustainable development of Bohol and the country. Course Code PE2 Instructor Roxane O. Bersano, LPT Course Title Rhythmic Activities Email [email protected] Course Credits 2 Contact Number 09755680339 Course Classification Physical Education Courses Consultation Hours Pre-Requisite(s) PE 1 Self-Testing Activities Consultation Venue Consultation Room History of Social and Ballroom Dances - Common Dance Terms Dance Positions - Proper Posture While Dancing - Reminders to Good Dancing Intended Learning Outcomes: - Identify the common dance terms; - Discuss the History of social dancing; - Promote the development of social ballroom dancing among the students; - Recognize the dance positions of social and ballroom dance; - Explain the relevance of having a proper posture in the world of dance; and - Establish a good character towards dancing. HISTORY OF SOCIAL DANCING Various changes in social dance through the ages clearly demonstrate its interdependency with the world around it. During the 14th century, for example, when social dance and folk dance were virtually indistinguishable, popular ring dances moved inside English upper-class homes as part of the evening entertainment. As long as the heart occupied the center of the room, the dances retained their circular, and egalitarian form. With the introduction of the chimney Republic of the Philippines BOHOL ISLAND STATE UNIVERSITY Main Campus 6300 Tagbilaran City Vision: A premiere S&T university for the formation of world-class and virtuous human resource for sustainable development in Bohol and the country.about 1368, however, the heart could be moved to a side wall, which cleared the floor of obstacles and allowed processional dances – then favored in the royal courts where rank determined the order of procession – to replace ring formations. Throughout the Renaissance and the 16th century, social dance became more firmly ensconced in the courts, whose members systematically dressed up and formalized the lusty folk dances to suit their elaborate codes of manners and attire. Styles emanated particularly for France, where the royal court dictated etiquette and moral behavior for all European gentry. The 17th century minuet was nothing but manners, the final flourish of aristocratic elegance before national and then industrial revolutions returned social to the masses. When fine demarcations of rank and title vanished, square formations like the Cotillion and Quadrille, with partners constantly changing, filled the ballrooms. The waltz – whose dizzying speed was derived as much from the newer, more polished surface of dance floors and the abandonment of hobnailed shoes as it was from the public’s enthusiasm – also became popular. The embracing, close hold of the waltz successfully dignified the police convention of the period. Advancing technology and two world wars so continually restructured life in the 20th century that social dance has been changing almost constantly, quickly altering with the values and practices surrounding it. The syncopated rhythms of American ragtime music inspired the foxtrot and shimmy. After the 19th Amendment gave women the vote in 1920, they became “emancipated”: the flapper was born, as well as the Charleston. The jitterburg burst from the swing improvisations of the 1930’s and 40’s. Long playing phonograph records appeared in 1949; thus, in the 1950’s, the teenagers born during the postwar “baby boom” could launch the rock ‘n’ roll phenomenon in both music and dance. By then, the once-shocking waltz position and the sexual attitudes it represented were passe. Because everyone performed the steps individually, men no longer always “led” women, and couples were not essential. The emergence of disco dance styles in the 1970’s and later popular dance forms continued this trend, although some of the more formal dances required a partner. In a world that prides itself on the speed of its transformations, new forms are inevitable. Social dance no doubt will continue to evolve as society does. Process of History Coupled dance, as a dance form emerged in the Europe of the 15th century in a variety of vigorous styles in innovative adoptions and refinements of folk dance developed by the dancing masters of the time. These new dances, gay and lively in character, developed first as a social dance diversion among the aristocracy of France and Italy, the expanded developmentally to every royal court on the continent to become, in the later centuries, part of the social life of the emerging middle class as well. The forms of social dance in Europe developed in three phases, each characterized by different designs in rhythm, space, and floor patterns. The nature of these dances reflected the related elements of the respected time periods – the elaborate and bulky fashions in clothes, the spacious floor areas of courts and palaces, and the elegance of the successive periods.Each period can be characterized by its most popular dance: the age of the Galliard (1500-1650), when that dance, bold and dashing in expanded movement, consisted entirely of leg thrusts and leaps and demanded the utmost vigor of the dancers; the age of the minuet (1650-1750), when the energetic, expanded, and leaping movements were transformed to close movement in formal, measured, small steps; the age of the waltz (1700-1900), when that dance with its gliding turns, brought a new joy and intimacy to social dance and an enraptured all of Europe. There were, of course, other, even opposite, dance styles in each period. The courtly pavane and stately saraband were rivals of the galliard; the contredanse and quadrille competed effectively with the minuet; the polka and the mazurka challenged the supremacy of the waltz. By the end of the 19th century, however, these social dance steps had become repetitious and no longer reflected the quickened pace of the emerging contemporary world. In this vacuum a social dance explosion occurred – the American introduction of the Two-step in 1891. Social dance from then on, as a product of the 20th

View Full Document


Documents in this Course
Load more
Download PE2 MODULE 5
Our administrator received your request to download this document. We will send you the file to your email shortly.
Loading Unlocking...

Join to view PE2 MODULE 5 and access 3M+ class-specific study document.

We will never post anything without your permission.
Don't have an account?
Sign Up

Join to view PE2 MODULE 5 2 2 and access 3M+ class-specific study document.


By creating an account you agree to our Privacy Policy and Terms Of Use

Already a member?