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Art History 326Exam 1 Study Guide- Olafur Eliasson, London Giant Turbine Hall – giant glowing sign- Carsten Holler – art transforms museum spaceo Slides, go through different floorso Tate, New Museum- Matthew Barney – Baroque videos – Cremaster o Masculinity, instability of maleness- Tino Seghal – conversational art – spiral of Gugaheim museum - Piplotti Rist – Selfless in a Bed of Lavao Floor of museum- Rirkrit Taravanija – food giveaways, him making Tai food and giving it away o Art about hospitality, generosityo Cross-cultural conditions- Mika Rottenberg – new methology, new myth for factory that produces easy-to-make foodo Woman that sits, smells flowers, sweats, and sweat goes into bread to make it rise easily- Santiago Sierra – vulnerable populations o Shows problematic features of these populationso Prostitutes get line tattooed on their backs- Cao Fei – interviewed people in Chinese factories o Interviewed and had workers perform their hidden talents- Sherin Neshat – Turbulent (video of singers)o Woman of Allah – photos of Middle Eastern women Challenged Western viewers opinion of Middle Eastern women- Yinka Shonibare – makes work that looks like mannequins o African fabric (we know today) is actually originally Indonesian o Makes Baroque costumes out of this material o Half his body is paralyzed- Vanessa Beecroft – models stand in Gucci bikinis in Gugaheim museum for hours – like status- Nick Cave – sound suits, suit – move around and make sound- K8 Hardy – art and fashion – thrift store clothing 1Art History 326Exam 1 Study Guideo Fashion show with thrift shop clothingArt after the Fall Painting, Sculpture, and Photography in Europe 1940-1947- Pablo Picasso – Guernica, oil on painting – mural, 1937o Massacre in Spaino Important, meant for exhibitiono Emphasis on civilian deatho Bull – representation of Picasso and Spaino Single light bulb – like prison chambero Bodies subject to a lot of twistingo Represents strangeness of human mutilationo Cited Poussin’s The Rape of the Sabine Woman and Gericault’s Raft of the Medusa o Black and white like newspaper and photography Makes the painting more seriousOnly truly German if you were blood and soil – farmer, white – Nazi focused on rural, German familyDegenerate art – modern art is dangerous – focused on African culture, made by Jews, etc- Wols – Untited Photographs, 1939o Takes photographs in his homeo Odd combination of objects as subject mattero Black and whiteo Dirty and decaying food, looks greasyo Bunny – button for eyeo Picture taken from aboveo No horizon line, flattened picture plane- Wols was imprisoned in France – Camp de Milleso Study of Fleas – watercolor on paper, 1940- Wols, Untited (It’s All Over/The City) 1946-1947o Oil on canvas o Painting is something you don’t have control overo Focused on disorientationo Center – black hole- Wols – Painting, oil on canvas, 1946o Painting of a paintingo Don’t know what you’re looking at o Job of a painting is to ask questions about it2Art History 326Exam 1 Study Guide- Fautrier – Head and Hostages, 1942-1944o Pastel dust sprinked on stucco Dirty, weird coloro Very smallo Had to become somewhat secreto Heads of people who have been or about to be shot- Fautrier – Sarah, 1942o Jewish woman, ripped apart – missing arm- Jean Dubuffet – Metro paintings, 1943o 12 gouache series Un Voyage en Metroo Anti-Nazi, refuse to live up to Aryan perfectiono Bodies – blobs and monstrous o Possibly implying resistance o Metro is like being held captiveo Nazi soldiers on metro, smiles and nice to you – are you being monstrous if you don’t punch him because he could be the one who kills your friendo Resistance is about being naughty in terms of women- Jean Dubuffet – Message, 1942o Angry graffiti on German newspapers o Note-leaving culture - Lee Miller in Combat Fatigues, France 1940o Used to be a model o Photographero Her photos were published in Vogueo Took photos during WWII Rubble of London Blitz Bodies German soldiers- Picasso – the Charnel House, 1945o Art after WWIIo Like Wols- Andre Strzminski (Polish)o To My Friends the Jewso Drawings on photographso Photos of Jews with outlines of Polish during WWII- Olivier Debre – Death at Dachau, 1946o Loss of detailo Purposeful lack of detailo Poetic rather than documentary3Art History 326Exam 1 Study Guide- Dubuffet – Will to Power, 1946o Oil, sand, glass on canvaso Will to power – people who aren’t afraid – favorite concept of the Naziso Armless figure resembles Hitler Naked Lots of chest hair- Plus Beaux qu’ils croient (more beautiful than they know) series 1947o Strange resemblance - Jean Fautrier and Jouhandeau with the Hare Lipo Child-like style – balloon heado Heads and hands go to the edge of the pageo The Purge, 1947o Black and white because original image was destroyed- Cartier Bressono The Purge – women that had anything to do with German soldiers were punished – publically humiliated- L’Art Brut Prefere Aux Arts Culturels, 1949o Art cultureso Culture needs an embrace of everything uncultured o Dubuffet purposely mimic art by crazy people – anti-cultural- Henry Moore – sketches in the Tube, 1940o People hiding in the tube from bombs- Francis Bacono Three Studies for figures at the Base of a Crucifixion, 1946 Triptych – (like a crucifixion with no crucifixion)o Research, practice paintingso Beasts – teeth bearingo Right – mouth on top of head, visible ribso Middle – has lipstick (like clown), wooden tripodo Beasts that feast upon souls o Based on photos of people that are in trances and assume odd positions- Nina Leen – “The Irascibles”, Life magazines, 1951o Photograph of artists – abstract expressionists protesting the Metropolitan Museum of Art William de Koenig Jackson Pollock Barnett Newman4Art History 326Exam 1 Study Guide Adolph Gottlieb Clyfford Still Mark Rothkoo Abstract expression – very different styles- The Mythmakers – usefulness to myth in paintings o Barnett Newman Respect surrealists but against Freudian approaches  Freud believed most things comes from unconscious drives References to dreams - Gottlieb – Eyes of Oedipus, 1944 (abstract expressionist)o Schematic, flat faceso No light source, no shading o No horizon o References to children’s and Native American imageryo No blending of coloro Conspicuous brush strokes

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PSU ARTH 326 - Exam 1 Study Guide

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