BU HIST 104A - WORLD WAR II: THE HOME FRONT

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I. The “Good War"?A. Reasonsjustifiable war;abut-Semitism in the US peaked in 1945 and it wasn’t until the end of the war that anti-Semitism stopped.Unity to some degreemovies were released that showed Americans of all ethnicities working togetherProtestant, catholic, and Jewish pray together on a sinking shipRace relations.Even blood plasma was segregated.Soldiers were angry that Germans could go places they were not allowed.Race riots in Detroit1943 is the year that the unity Americans felt at the beginning of the war started fading away.Anti Japanese SentimentAtomic bombFamily StrainsWWII saw rising divorce rates and juvenile delinquencyLabor UnrestSeen as undermining the war effortJohn Lewis who led the labor unions during WWII was voted at the time to be one of the most hated man in America.B. Caveats and QualificationsII. World War II as a Turning PointIt canb e argued that WWII did more than the New Deal to heal the US Economhy.A. Big Governmentsoaring federal spending fuels economic growth and pulls us out of the depression!Increasing nation debt by unpreceeded amounts by tens of billions of dollarsTaxes had to increase a lotUnemployment decreased to less than 1%Better wages and many people are making overtime!Many more women and people of racial minorities were let into the economy.Rationing had people paying off debt with their extra moneySpending’s were on race tracks and other events since tires and sugar and such kept people from spending money on these thingsB. Regional Change: South and WestOne fifth of the nation migrated in the time surrounding and during WWII. Mass migrationSun beltMilitary training camps and families moving.TN Valley authority (see handout on new deal or return of prosperity)West coast was staging location for the warDuring new deal Roosevelt administration put money into dams such as the Grand Hoover Damn. And these dams were used to create electricity to build plants that generated aluminum and other things.C. Postwar Prosperityby the end of the war people had savings and began spending like crazy!The us was the only major industrial economy50% of the worlds gross national product was being generated in the USGI BillPassed largely in response to fear of falling back into the great depression. At the end of WWI there was a lot of inflationGave vets low interest loans for buying houses, funding businessesEducation of graduate school and university level education for soldiers was provided.D. Women's RolesRosie the Riveter. 1940-1944**1944 peak of womens employment went upMARRIED women in the work force for the first time outnumber single women in the work force.Not much child care available so not a lot of young women were in the work force.Some factories had child care but this was not very common.In Britain and soviet union there was more childcare so that younger married women could enter the work force.Women move into INDUSTRIAL manufacturing jobs which was at previously closed to them. 463% increase in women producing things for aircrafts and other machinery for war.Women were paid less than men for equivalent jobs and advanced slowly.As war ended, fed gov encouraged people to leave the work force.Women were laid off in huge numbers“When it becomes a souvenir” a women looks at her work ID badge.Women moved back into the white collar jobs.E. The Civil Rights Movementdiscrimination did not end during WWIIsegreagation in the military and many rae riots but to some degree you can see it setting the stage for civil righsmany African Americans moved out of the South (where they were disenfranchised and could not vote) to the North were there was still discrimination but they COULD vote and put pressure on democratic party to consider their needs.Racism is turned into a national embarrassment as the US has so much attention after the warIncreased black activismVV Victory at war and Victory at home (racism)Randolph was a black righs activist who marched on WashingtonFDR passes act to encourageNAACP membership increases during the warF. Technological AdvancesG. America's Emergence on the International StageItalians had been fairly supportive of Mussolini and thought he was restoring the grandeur of Italy but once the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor, they everyone was really brought to support the US.WORLD WAR II: THE HOME FRONT 03/25/2014I. The “Good War"?A. Reasons- justifiable war; - abut-Semitism in the US peaked in 1945 and it wasn’t until the end of the war that anti-Semitism stopped.Unity to some degree- movies were released that showed Americans of all ethnicities working together- Protestant, catholic, and Jewish pray together on a sinking shipRace relations. - Even blood plasma was segregated. - Soldiers were angry that Germans could go places they were not allowed. - Race riots in Detroit - 1943 is the year that the unity Americans felt at the beginning of the war started fading away.Anti Japanese Sentiment- Atomic bombFamily Strains- WWII saw rising divorce rates and juvenile delinquencyLabor Unrest- Seen as undermining the war effort- John Lewis who led the labor unions during WWII was voted at the time to be one of the most hated man in America. B. Caveats and QualificationsII. World War II as a Turning PointIt canb e argued that WWII did more than the New Deal to heal the US Economhy. A. Big Government - soaring federal spending fuels economic growth and pulls us out of the depression! o Increasing nation debt by unpreceeded amounts by tens of billions of dollarso Taxes had to increase a lot- Unemployment decreased to less than 1%- Better wages and many people are making overtime!- Many more women and people of racial minorities were let into the economy. - Rationing had people paying off debt with their extra money- Spending’s were on race tracks and other events since tires and sugar and such kept people from spending money on these things-B. Regional Change: South and West- One fifth of the nation migrated in the time surrounding and during WWII. Mass migration- Sun belto Military training camps and families moving.o TN Valley authority (see handout on new deal or return of prosperity)o West coast was staging location for the waro During new deal Roosevelt administration put money into dams such as the Grand Hoover Damn. And these dams were used to create electricity to build plants that generated aluminum and other things. C. Postwar Prosperity- by the end of the war people had savings and began spending


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