BU HIST 104A - McCARTHYISM AND REPRESSION AT HOME

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 I. ScopeOne in 3500 of the American population was in the communist partyBooks were banned that had communist undertonesTeachers were required to sign loyalty oaths during the red scarelAmerica has deep historical roots in fear of radicalismanarchistscommunist manifesto published 19481917 Bolshevik revolution makes it seem like communism could actually takeover a nation and in 1919 there was the red scare in the united states as WW(II?) ended.Stalin: common cause, communistm opens doors to affiliated ideals.1930slate 1930s people opposed to communism (right) joining forces with fascists who are left, to oppose communism.loyalty oaths for teachersrenewed FBI spiesTrueman Doctrine andII. Historical RootsIII. ChronologyA. Late 1940s[Truman and the Federal Employee Loyalty Program; House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC), Hollywood Ten] boards evolved into anyone considered a disloyalty riskhomosexualdebtfamily member who’s a communistPicasso painting5000-10,000 Americans lost their jobs because of the red scarelavender scaregay/lesbians were seen as security risk, homophobiaHollywood blacklisting is where it started House Un-American Activities Committee (HUACcommittee not associated with McCarthyism. B. Acceleration in the Early 1950s1) International Shockssoviets must have been spying if they created an atomic bomb only 4 years after America.china “just happens” to turn communist.2) High-Profile Conspiracy Cases[Alger Hiss (1949), Klaus Fuchs (1950)]Alger Hissformer state dept. employeeadvisor to FDR at Yaltasuspected in giving secrets to the soviet.jury convicts Hiss of Purgery.after the soviet fell it was revealed that hiss was somewhat responsible for passing documens.Klaus Fuchsmanhattan project spying3) The Emergence of Sen. McCarthyred scare = McCarthyism?McCarthyism is the worst case of the red scare.senator from WIFebruary of 1950 he announced he had a list of 205 employees in the state department who had committed treason.penetrates iron curtain of the federal gov. to reveal gay people, and phoneys.this is all about rolling back the new deal.Companies used red fear to undermine leftists and labor unionsIV. Why Did It Happen? Conflicting TheoriesIn 1919, immigrants and ethnics were accused of bringing these “alien” ideas to America but this red scare is different. Anyone was fair game to be targeted.catholic church is anticommunistlatching onto anti communism was the best way to prove you are fully and wholly Americans. Immigrants used this to show they were truly American.V. McCarthy’s Downfall[Army-McCarthy Hearings (1954), Joseph Welch]McCarthy was accusing the Army of being infiltrated with communists.dominated national TV and exposed McCarthy’s aggressive tactics.Joseph Welchlead attorney for army in these hearings.McCARTHYISM AND REPRESSION AT HOME04/03/2014 I. ScopeOne in 3500 of the American population was in the communist partyBooks were banned that had communist undertonesTeachers were required to sign loyalty oaths during the red scarelAmerica has deep historical roots in fear of radicalism- anarchists- communist manifesto published 1948- 1917 Bolshevik revolution makes it seem like communism could actually takeover a nation and in 1919 there was the red scare in the united states as WW(II?) ended. - Stalin: common cause, communistm opens doors to affiliated ideals.1930s - late 1930s people opposed to communism (right) joining forces withfascists who are left, to oppose communism. - loyalty oaths for teachers- renewed FBI spiesTrueman Doctrine and II. Historical RootsIII. ChronologyA. Late 1940s[Truman and the Federal Employee Loyalty Program; House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC), Hollywood Ten] boards evolved into anyone considered a disloyalty risk- homosexual- debt- family member who’s a communist- Picasso painting- 5000-10,000 Americans lost their jobs because of the red scare o lavender scareo gay/lesbians were seen as security risk, homophobia- Hollywood blacklisting is where it started- House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC o committee not associated with McCarthyism. B. Acceleration in the Early 1950s1) International Shocks- soviets must have been spying if they created an atomic bomb only 4 years after America. - china “just happens” to turn communist. 2) High-Profile Conspiracy Cases[Alger Hiss (1949), Klaus Fuchs (1950)]- Alger Hisso former state dept. employee advisor to FDR at Yalta suspected in giving secrets to the soviet. jury convicts Hiss of Purgery. after the soviet fell it was revealed that hiss was somewhat responsible for passing documens.- Klaus Fuchso manhattan project spying3) The Emergence of Sen. McCarthy- red scare = McCarthyism?o McCarthyism is the worst case of the red scare. o senator from WIo February of 1950 he announced he had a list of 205 employees in the state department who had committed treason.o penetrates iron curtain of the federal gov. to reveal gay people, and phoneys. this is all about rolling back the new deal.- Companies used red fear to undermine leftists and labor unionsIV. Why Did It Happen? Conflicting TheoriesIn 1919, immigrants and ethnics were accused of bringing these “alien” ideas to America but this red scare is different. Anyone was fair game to be targeted. catholic church is anticommunistlatching onto anti communism was the best way to prove you are fully and wholly Americans. Immigrants used this to show they were truly American. V. McCarthy’s Downfall[Army-McCarthy Hearings (1954), Joseph Welch] McCarthy was accusing the Army of being infiltrated with communists. dominated national TV and exposed McCarthy’s aggressive tactics. Joseph Welch lead attorney for army in these


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BU HIST 104A - McCARTHYISM AND REPRESSION AT HOME

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