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NAME:_________________________________Spring 2013 MANAGEMENT 3200 FINAL EXAM FORM 41. According to the textbook, leaders who inspire followers to transcend their own self-interest for the good of the organization are capable of having a profound extraordinary effect on followers are __________ leaders.[B] Transformational2. Which of the following bases of power would a manager use in “supervising” his/her employees?[D] All of the above3. Which of the following would an employee do when faced with favorable inequity, according to equity theory research?[C] Be more likely to believe that he/she is better than what he/she actually is4. Which of the following is false with respect to punishment?[E] It replaces the a bad behavior with a good behavior5. Which of the following would not be considered a substitute for leadership?[D] A low cohesiveness work group6. People with Machiavellian personalities believe that any type of behavior is acceptable if it helps them achieve their goals. Add this “skill” with the ability to create strong bonds with followers and according to the textbook, you have described a leader who is a(n) ____________.[A] Unethical Charismatic Leader7. Which power base best exemplifies leadership?[C] Referent power8. Which of the following is NOT an example of Initiating Structure leadership behavior?[E] Providing emotional support and encouragement to the employee9. An employee performs poorly on his job so he won’t get promoted to a new position. He doesn’t desire the new position because he doesn’t want the headache of the added responsibility that comes with the position. This is an example of ______________.[C] Negative reinforcement10. All of the following are true concerning the leave-alone zap trap except[A] It causes employees to engage in CYA behavior11. Which of the following is NOT a criticism of Herberg’s 2-factor theory?[D] It assumes everyone has an expressive motivation12. Which is NOT an aspect of an effective goal-setting program in all situations?[E] “Do your best” goals13. Which of the following factors determines the feasible set in Vroom & Yetton’s normative theory of leadership?[D] All of the above14. The fact that groups allow us to verify our perceptions of our jobs, an organizations reward system, a supervisor behavior, etc., reflects the fact that groups:[E] Satisfy our reality needs15. A middle LPC leader can be best characterized as a _______________.[A] Behaviorally flexible leader16. As a business owner, you deliberately under-reward your employees for the work they doto “motivate” them in the future. In this situation, benevolent employees will perceive _________, your equity sensitive employees will perceive ________, and your entitled employees will perceive ___________, out group members.[A] Equity; unfavorable inequity, unfavorable inequity 17. Which of the following is true concerning reciprocal theory of leadership?[D] All of the above are true 18. According to Fiedler’s contingency theory of leadership, leadership training ________.[E] A and C 19. Which of the following is a characteristic of a formal group?[B] It has specialized roles and duties 20. During this stage of group development the group develops unwritten rules to improve relationships and avoid conflict and becomes very cohesive. This stage is referred to as _________.[D] Norming 21. Herzberg’s 2-factor theory advocates ___________as the way to motivate employees.[B] Job enrichment22. In the end, the behavioral theory of leadership (the Ohio Stat Studies) believed which combination of leadership behaviors to be the best?[E] All of the above could be “best” given the appropriate situation23. Money could satisfy which of the following needs in Maslow’s hierarchy?[D] All of the above24. Which of the following individuals is most dissatisfied when the manager is a jelly-bean motivator?[B] Benevolent25. Which of the following characteristics identified in trait theory reliably tells you who is going to be a leader?[E] None of the above26. All of the following are true concerning the participation in goal-setting by the employeeexcept?[B] It works well for employees who have an instrumental motivation toward work.27. According to Maslow’s hierarchy, when a worker satisfies his or her social needs, what will he or she do next?[E] Work to satisfy esteem needs28. If a manger describes his/her least preferred co-worker mainly in positive terms, he/she obtains a _______LPS score, which indicates a _______ leader.[C] High; relationship-oriented29. The President of the United States, Barack Obama, has his teleprompter placed above eye level so he can look upward during his speeches. This is done specifically to craft an image that is more presidential (i.e. “looking toward the future”). What theory of leadership deals directly with this phenomenon?[B] Implicit theory of leadership30. Jeff is a professor (enriched job) at a small community college in Butte, Montana. He has excellent relationships with his colleagues and his department chairma9n and his working conditions are a quite comfortable. According to Herzberg’s 2-factor theory, Jeffwill experience ________.[D] No job dissatisfaction and job satisfaction31. Transactional leaders________.[A] Motivate followers by providing them with meaningful and challenging work32. Which of the following would an employee NOT do when faced with unfavorable inequity, according to equity theory research?[C] Be more likely to work harder in the hopes of getting a pay raise33. When a manager presents a problem to individual subordinates one at a time, gets ideas and suggestions from each about how to solve it, and then makes decision alone, the manager is using the _________method of decision-making.[E] Consultative I (CI)34. Which of the following applies to a Theory X individual?[B] Works best under a leader who initiates very little structure35. Which of the following does NOT occur as the size of the work group increases?[C] Fewer cliques form36. In ERG theory, relatedness needs are similar to Maslow’s ________.[E] Social and esteem needs37. Which of the following is NOT true concerning equity theory?[C] Favorable inequity creates more problems for management than does unfavorable inequity38. In a(n) ________reinforcement schedule, a positive consequence is delivered, for example, after every 5th occurrence of behavior.[E]

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