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Bisc 104 Final Study Guide 1. What kind of fungi can colonize a dead tree branch and chemically break it down? 2. Who was the first to outline that fossils were evidence of the remnants of past organisms? 3. What is the smallest unit of life? 4. How do prokaryotes reproduce?5. In natural selection, the idea that members of a population differ in inherited traits is best described as what?6. One species of plant pollinates from July to August and another species flowers and pollinates between Mayamd June and as a result do not cross pollinate with each other. This is an example of what? 7. In the Hardy Weinburg equilibrium formula, the frequency of the homozygous dominats is represented by what?8. When scientific naming animals, the order is ________ then _________. 9. Who was the first individual to propose the concept of evolution but got it wrong?10. What was Robert Hooke the first to do?11. Name a level of organization of life would fall under the study of ecology.12. Define translation. 13. What is not a mechanism of microevolution?14. Define and give an example of allopatric speciation. 15. What is the term for studying the similarities in anatomy in organisms during early development?16. In natural selection, the idea that organisms produce more offsprings than the enviroment can support is best described as ________. 17. What is the oldest organism found in the fossil record?18. Name the plants who do not have vascular tissue. 19. What is the first major branching point in animal evolution?20. This group of plants has sperm that must travel through water.21. What event occurred approximately 542 million years ago. 22. Yeast infections are attributed to an infection of ________. 23. In echninoderms _________ symmertry as adults and ______ symmetry as larvae. 24. Name a characteristic that all chordate embryos doesn't share. 25. Planarians are examples of _______. 26. Name an example of an organism that is typically involved in a mutualistic relationship. 27. Name a characteristic of roundworms?28. Name an organism that undergoes molting.29. In what group does the conifer fall into?30. Name the parts of the carpel. 31. Give an example of an organism that is involed in a mutualistic relationship. 32. Name a reduced male gametophyte, 33. What gives the plants structures and allows them to stand up?34. Name a group of protozoa. 35. What order of insects makes up approximately 25% of all known life?36. What are the simplest animals with bilateral symmetry?37. What are the structures that allow for gas exchange?38. What has a reduced gametophyte?39. What group did plants primarily descend?40. Define parasitism.-When one organism feed off of another and only one benefits. 41. Name an organism that moves with a psuedopodium. 42. Define granum. 43. Name the elements that make up 98% of dry weight in plants. 44. Give an example of a monotreme.-Duck billed platypus 45. What is the plant hormone that is responsible for causing fruits to ripen?46. What is the purpose of the cuticle on a plant?47. How do plants prevent water loss at night?48. Give an example of a petiole. 49. Give an example of a sugar source. 50. Give an example of a sugar sink. 51. Name a part of the dermal system in plants. 52. What is the name of the organelle responsible in helping a plant maintain firmness. 53. Where are auxins produced?54. What is the purpose of the apical meristem?55. Give an example of a taproot. 57. Name some fleshy fruit. 58. Give the equation for photosynthesis. Distinguish between reactants and products. 59. What group of organisms include members that are placental. 60. What is an element iportant to plants that is found in nucleic acids?61. Define adhesion. 62. Define cohesion. 63. What are the feathers of birds derived from?64. What group of bacteria can convert atmospheric nitrogen to ammonium. 65. Give an example of a chordate invertebrate. 66. Define cartenoids. 67. Name a part of ground tissue tissue system in plants. 68. What type of bond causes water molecules to stick together?69.What form of nitrogen can a plant use?70. In angiosperm sexual reproduction, after the spem cell fertilizes the egg cell, what is produced?71. What is the name for a plant that can reproduce for many years?72. What is the name for a plant that can only reproduce once a year?73. What is the plant cell type that provides support and elongates?74. In photosynthesis, what is the name of the group of pigments that captures light?75. Define ectothermic. 76. Define endothermic. 77. Which bud is on the side of the plant stem?78. What is the site of food storage in roots?79. Which bud is on the end of the plant stem?80. What is an imput in the Calvin Cycle?81. What is the purpose of the endosperm?82. What is the loss of water from leaves driven by evaporation?83. Define phototropism. 84. Define gravitropism.85. Define thigmotropism.85. Name the two types of vascular tissue. 86. Where in the chloroplast do the light reactions of photosynthesis take place?87. Give the characteristics of a eudicot. 88. Give the characteristics of a monocot. 89. One of the main functions of this plant structure is anchoring .90. What are the three main elements that make up glucose in plants?91. Give the sequence of strucutres emerging when a seed germinates. 92. What is the outer protective covering of a seed called? 93. Ecology is defined as ______________.94. In this level of ecology, we study how organisms adapt to the enviroment. 95. In this level of ecology, we study what affects population growth and density. 96. In this level of ecology, we study interactions between different organisms. 97. In this level of ecology, we study living and nonliving factors. 98. Define abiotic factors. 99. Define biotic factors. 100. Give three examples of abiotic factors. 101. Give an example of a physiological response. 102. Give an example of an anatomical response. 103. Define biomes. 104. This kind of biome includes lakes, ponds, rivers, streams, and wetlands. 105. Organisms that swim/float in water __________________106. Give an example of phytoplankton. 107. Give an example of zooplankton. 108. Organisms that live on bottom of water body. ____________109. Give an example of a benthic organism. 110. What is the major difference between standing and floating water?111. The pelagic zone is __________ water. 112. The littoral zone is the area around ____________. 113. Why does the lake freeze from the top down?114. What is the difference


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Ole Miss BISC 104 - Final Study Guide

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