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Quick Review:- Free Will brings about Practical Reason- Practical reason must be appriori and synthetic- One thing that is always good is Good WillInformal Guide: (to tell you that your actions are in Good Will)- Is this act done out of the sense of duty to the Good Will?- If yes, you have passed the informal guideDeontology- Duty Based- Basis of one’s morality is based on one’s duty- Example- You have $5 and you really want a burrito, sandwich, etc. A homeless mother and her child are walking down the street in your direction. You make eyecontact and she asks you if you have money to spare for her child’s medicine1. You do it because you like to do it: While this is praise worthy, it is not morally good.2. Liking is unintended: at first you don’t want to give her your $5, but afterwards you feel good about it, this is morally good.3. You did not like doing it, but you did it anyway: Although you still don’t feel good about it, it was still morally good.Formal Guide:- Must hold universal appeal that you can use to determine right and wrong (appriori)- Must be practical (synthetic)Categorical Imperative- (necessary self-imposed command)For any act: What would happen should this act become universal law?1. No Logical ContradictionExample: helping an old lady across the street- Morally Good2. Logical Contradiction- Example: Lying-What if lying became universal law?-Lying would then become impossible, no lie would ever work and would be self-contradictory which shows it is morally wrong.- Example: Murder-What if murder became universal law?-Everyone has to kill everyone= Murder becomes impossibleNo Logical Contradiction but clearly violates the “Do Good” spirit of the good will- Example: Gifted individual could be an excellent brain surgeon and save many lives, but instead squanders these abilities away elsewhere. There will be someonethat steps up to fill the place where he/she should have


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KSU PHIL 11001 - Deontology- Duty Based

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