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Kente (Unity is Strength)for most a high status garment worn on special occasionsworn as clothing as royal regaliacan be used in shrine, altar contextmade in a range of qualitiesheavier, elaborate kente is reserved for Kingsmen wear one large cloth, women tend to wear two smaller clothskente cloth:red, gold, green, black, white8-9 yards worn has sculpture with all the foldsnamed clothpattern is a little uneven, irregularitywoven on very skinny loomsKente (“Unity is Strength”) Cotton and silk Asante Ghana The EjisuheneRuler of Ejisu, Ghanafull regalia dressbracelets, slippers with gold, fly whisk, kenteadornment worn by royalty and court membersregalia helps create and legitimize royal authority (intimate relationship between art and leadership)kings commission regalia creates pageantry and mystery around the royalty and spectacleassemblage on human beingfeet raised because he is so powerfulimportance of the ensembledazzling impactwears full regalia at coronation and ceremonies (rites of purification, swearing in chiefs,commemoration of ancestors)The Ejisuhene Ruler of Ejisu, Ghana wearing kente and cast gold ornaments Asante Ghana GOLDEN STOOL OF ASANTE so sacred and so important it sits on its own thronenever been used as a seatoral tradition relays it came during the founding time of AsanteOsei Tutu contains spirit of Asante nation came from the sky and sat in lap of Osei Tutu (represented unificationof Asante in this confederacy)talked about as if it were alivegold used in its construction is said to represent the essence of the sun, connected to life forcewhen British officials tried to remove it there was a revolt lead by Queen Mother, buried for its protectionnot unearthed until 1927, a new gold leaf was hammered to the figurebells and four gold figures hang, it is rung to announce presenceThe Golden Stool Wood, hammered gold, iron and cast gold bells Asante Ghana Linguist staff proverbs assert legitimacy of the kingrelates to praise of linguistananse brought wisdom and weavinghe is the originator of folk tales and proverbs you cannot challenge ananse in his domainenormous emphasis on speech because of no written languageLinguist staff Wood and gold leaf Asante Ghana "No one goes to the house of the spider Ananse to teach him wisdom." Throne and footstool of King Nsangucarved of wood and beaded (glass)royal treasuries included textiles, beaded objects, furnishings, sculpture and maskthe most significant status symbol and political object was the carved stool which was often beadedstools were often carved with leopards, elephants, pythons, and buffalosome are sat upon and some are symbolic objectsthis one stands about 5 feet tallthe cylindrical part of the stool has the double headed servantrep. 2 retainers of the court (male on left female on right)male holds drinking horn a symbol of his status, his hand rest under his chin (a gesture of greatrespect to the king)female on the right carries a beaded bowl was used to hold kola nuts and food offerings, has whitebreastsred, blue, black, white motif is used to show king’s military power- double faced somethingwarrior figures hold guns on baseking is so wealthy there is an embroidery of cowry shellsthrone was called richness of beads (mandu yeno)thrones were all consecrated before the king sat on them, blood of ram was smeared on interior of throneeach king commissioned his own throneat death of a king often the throne was buried with him or left to decayno other king could use the throneafter a new kings coronation a new throne was commissioned that reflected his particular motifsthe two-headed serpent, which can strike in opposite directions simultaneously, symbolizes themonarch’s power. Cowrie shells and beadwork indicate wealth.Throne and footstool of King Nsangu Materials: wood, textile, glass beads, and cowrie shells Bamum Cameroon Fon Jinaboh II at his enthronement with the AFO-A-KOMkind of royal throne figures were not sat onpart of memorial figure traditionloosely translated “the thing belonging to the Kom people”king in center wives on either sidefigures are dressed when brought in publicafo-a-kom beads are red, hard to see because they have been encrusted with stuffbelieved the three statues were carved by Yu, he was an artisan king the central image is an abstractportrait of YuYu wears a prestige cap, holds a short staffred evokes color of camwood, used on body of kingstolen in 1966, found in 1973 in art galleryso sacred that without the figures the culture had felt they were in declinereturned in 1974 great ceremony!kept in sanctuary when not in useFon Jinaboh II at his enthronement with the afo-a-Kom, Kom, Cameroon wood, glass beads, and cloth Ndop textile with map of palace Bamumshows the layout of the palaceat the center is the king and the queen motherprotective forces on the exterior with guard houses on the cornersties to the idea of the king as a religious leaderdraped within the palaceoften provided backdrop to the kingalso draped on exterior wallsfunctions as a space dividermen do the weaving and dyeing and women do the sewingNdop textiles have specific meanings and namesNdop textile with map of palace grounds cotton and indigo dyes Bamum Cameroon Chief’s throne of “seat of office” with figurative scenesimportant for world viewfunctional prestige objectsceremonial pipes for tobaccosymbolic microcosm of chokwe lifeupper part of chair represent spiritual aspectsthe bottom rungs are representations from everyday lifeking sits in chair to unite both worldschief is god on earthtop rungs dancing figures, chokwe conical mask used during initiation rites (conical hat related to fertilityinitiation and circumcision), 2 birds with touching horns Ngungu birds accociated with hunting (goodomen)bottom rungs men with cattle, trade and cattle representedwomen holding plates domestic activity of food preparationshows men and women’s duties of in daily lifeChief’s throne with figurative scenes Wood, brass tacks, leather Chokwe Angola Commemorative female figure:hands placed near belly show her high statusqueen to first receive high statusincarnation of female subjectsmatrilineal societyfullness of legs and armsdefined fingers and toesCommemorative female figure Wood, human hair, and red clay Chokwe Angola Commemorative figure of a chief with staff and hornreal human hair braided on beardevoke royal ancestor Ilungalarge eyesflared nostrilsheavy volume, weightiness of the legs and feet staff


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UMD ARTH 275 - Notes

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