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Slide 1ObjectivesFreud Himself1884 1920 1939The StudyThe CouchFreud HimselfThe Key Ideas of Psychoanalysis: 1) Psychic DeterminismThe Key Ideas of Psychoanalysis: 2) Internal StructureSlide 10The Key Ideas of Psychoanalysis: 4) Mental EnergyThe Key Ideas of Psychoanalysis: ControversyPsychoanalysis, Life, and DeathPsychoanalysis, Life, and DeathPsychological DevelopmentSlide 16Thinking and Consciousness: Secondary Process ThinkingThinking and Consciousness: Primary Process ThinkingThinking and Consciousness: Three Levels of ConsciousnessSlide 20Psychoanalysis as a Therapy and as a Route Toward UnderstandingPsychoanalysis as a Therapy and as a Route Toward UnderstandingPsychoanalysis as a Therapy and as a Route Toward UnderstandingThink About ItQuestion #1Question #2Question #3Chapter 10: Basics of Psychoanalysis1Objectives•Discuss the key ideas of psychoanalysis•Discuss Freud’s theory of psychological development•Discuss Freud’s idea of how the mind is structured•Discuss implications for psychotherapy and modern life2Freud Himself•Medical doctor•Left Austria when Hitler came to power•Believed war proved that people are aggressive and destructive•Became a psychiatrist31884 1920 1939The StudyThe Couchhttp://www.youtube.com/watc h?v=sj2JFI4BsRQFreud Himself•Used free association–Get fears into the conscious mind•Influenced by his patients & self-analysis7The Key Ideas of Psychoanalysis: 1) Psychic Determinism•Definition: everything that happens in a persons mind, including everything a person thinks and does has a specific cause•Free will and random accidents do not exist•Contradictions of thoughts and behavior can be resolved•Leads to idea of the unconscious–Supported by modern reserch8The Key Ideas of Psychoanalysis: 2) Internal Structure•The mind is made of separate parts that function independently and can conflict with each other •Id: irrational and emotional, wants what it wants when it wants it•Ego: rational, compromises make sense of what is going on•Superego: moral•Modern research–Mind not neatly divided–Do have different structure that work independently9The Key Ideas of Psychoanalysis: 3) Psychic Conflict and Compromise•The mind can conflict with itself•Compromise formation–The egos main job–The middle ground–Used in modern psychoanalytic thought10The Key Ideas of Psychoanalysis: 4) Mental Energy•Assumption that the psychological part of the mind needs energy•Libido: mental (psychic) energy–The amount of energy is fixed and finite•Some implications not supported by research:–Expression of anger•catharsis•Modern thought: information-processing capacity is limited11The Key Ideas of Psychoanalysis: Controversy•Moral: do not like emphasis on sex and sexual energy•Scientific: theory is unscientific•Personal level: People do not want to be told why they really did something, especially when you are correct12Psychoanalysis, Life, and Death•Two fundamental motives•Libido: life force or sexual drive–Creation, projection and enjoyment of life–Creativity, productivity and growth•Thanatos: drive towards death–Introduced later to account for the destructive activity such as war and the fact that everyone dies–Entropy- move toward randomness and disorder13Psychoanalysis, Life, and Death•The doctrine of opposites–Life and death, happiness and sadness–“Extremes on any scale may be more similar to each other than either extreme is to the middle.” (p. 353)–Example: those who sell porn vs. those who oppose porn14Psychological Development•Focus on where the psychic energy is and how it is used•Stage theory of development•Aspects of each stage–A)–B)–C)•Fixation and regression1516Thinking and Consciousness: Secondary Process Thinking•Conscious thought–Rational and practical –ego•Able to delay or redirect gratification•Develops second; less important role17Thinking and Consciousness: Primary Process Thinking•The way the unconscious mind operates (id)•Does not contain the idea of “no” –Goal is immediate gratification•Not usually ‘visible’•Can be seen in:–Dreams–Delirium–Psychotics–Hypnosis –“freudian” slips of the tounge 18Thinking and Consciousness: Three Levels of Consciousness•Conscious mind–Least important–Some of the ego•Preconscious–Information that you are not currently conscious with but could become without too much work•Unconscious–All of the id and superego and some of the ego–Most important1920Psychoanalysis as a Therapy and as a Route Toward Understanding•Unconscious conflicts are what make people anxious and unhappy–Use clues to reveal to contents of the unconscious–Clues?–Free association, slips, dreams21Psychoanalysis as a Therapy and as a Route Toward Understanding•Resolve problems by bringing unconscious conflicts to the surface so ego can deal with them–Takes time and can become painful–May increase anxiety in the beginning–Patients must be comforted and guided through this process•Therapeutic alliance through ‘transference’22Psychoanalysis as a Therapy and as a Route Toward Understanding•Criticisms: low cure rate and length of treatment•Recent research: metanalysis•Rather than a therapy, psychoanalysis can be thought of as a tool for understanding human nature and culture–Do you agree with this idea?23Think About It•If you had a psychological problem, would you go to a psychoanalyst? Why or why not?24Question #1If psychic determinism is true, then a possible explanation for forgetting a person’s name could be that youa) have a bad memory.b) do not like the person.c)are in love with the person but don’t want to admit it to yourself.d) both b and c25Question #2During which stage of psychological development do people learn how to appropriately control their urges and what decisions are up to them or to an authority figure?a) oralb) analc) latencyd) phallic26Question #3According to psychoanalytic theory, is more important than .a) secondary process thought; primary process thoughtb) unconscious thought; conscious thoughtc) the oral stage; the phallic staged) work;


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OSU PSYCH 3530 - Basics of Psychoanalysis

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