Unformatted text preview:

Crimes:Mala en se- murder (wrong)Mala prohibita- drinking under age (wrong because we say it’s wrong)Goals:Doing JusticeRetributive JusticeEye for an eyeProcedural JusticeConcerned with making and implementing decisions according to fair processesPlead guilty for something you don’t do just to avoid jailDistributive JusticeAbility to access all rights for the justice systemCouncil for those who can’t afford itKnowing a police officer and getting off from a ticketAppearances (tattoos) can change how people view you (followed around a store)Restorative JusticeFocuses on victimology and implementing a different type of justiceBrings into account responsibility of community and restoring the community and the victimGoing to prison and never seeing your computer again or getting money from your computer and the offender probationControlling Crime and Preventing Crime:How?RetributionEye for an eyeRehabilitationPeople are not permanently criminal and it’s possible to restore a criminal to a useful lifeIncapacitationPrime method of attempting to prevent and control crimeHuge incarceration rates to keep people off the streetsDeterrencePunishment is made certain, swift and severeSpecificFocused on punishing the individualGeneralMaking an example and generally deterring everyoneMore public to make an example out of to keep everyone else from doing the same thingStructure:Federalism: Two Justice SystemsCentral/NationalRegional/StateCoordinationUsurpationCharacteristics:DiscretionCriminal justice actors using their judgment on how to charge or notAdding or dropping chargesCreates issues with distributive justiceResource DependenceMeeting a quota or needing to meet a certain amount of arrests, tickets, etc.Criminalizing more people in this country than any other countrySequential TasksSystem is very predictableFiltering90% Plea Bargain- Do not go to trialCharge BargainWhen a prosecutor drops a charge in exchange for pleading guilty for another chargeSentence BargainStill being charged but if pleading guilty, offers a lenient sentenceDecision Making Process (pg. 19-20)Begins with investigationNot officially charged with a crime until indictmentOnly 10% actually go through a trialSystem Models:ModelsCrime Control vs. Due ProcessCrime control- Focus on effectively measure and address crime very quickly, for the greater good adjudicate this cases as fast as possibleDue process- Protect individual rights, situational and protecting the innocent, takes into account mitigating circumstancesRetribution vs. RehabilitationRetribution - Get what they deserve, eye for an eyeRehabilitation- Help them become productive members of societyWedding CakeI. Celebrated Cases (celebrities ex. Casey Anthony)II. Serious Felonies (murders, serial rapists)III. Less Serious Felonies (non violent)IV. MisdemeanorsPOSSIBLE MIDTERM QUESTIONS:What are the three goals of the criminal justice system?What types of crimes are mala en se?What types of crimes are mala prohibita?What are the four forms of justice?How does the criminal justice address/control crime?What are the two types of deterrence? What is deterrence?What is the wedding cake model?What percentage of cases is plea-bargained?What are characteristics of the crime control vs. due process models?What does federalism mean?What are the four characteristics of the criminal justice system?Chapter 1: The Criminal Justice System 29/01/2014 12:15:00← Crimes:- Mala en se- murder (wrong)- Mala prohibita- drinking under age (wrong because we say it’s wrong)← Goals:- Doing Justiceo Retributive Justice Eye for an eyeo Procedural Justice Concerned with making and implementing decisions according to fair processes Plead guilty for something you don’t do just to avoid jailo Distributive Justice Ability to access all rights for the justice system Council for those who can’t afford it Knowing a police officer and getting off from a ticket Appearances (tattoos) can change how people view you(followed around a store)o Restorative Justice Focuses on victimology and implementing a different type of justice Brings into account responsibility of community and restoring the community and the victim Going to prison and never seeing your computer again or getting money from your computer and the offender probation ← Controlling Crime and Preventing Crime:- How?o Retribution Eye for an eyeo Rehabilitation People are not permanently criminal and it’s possible torestore a criminal to a useful lifeo Incapacitation Prime method of attempting to prevent and control crime Huge incarceration rates to keep people off the streetso Deterrence Punishment is made certain, swift and severe Specific- Focused on punishing the individual General- Making an example and generally deterringeveryone- More public to make an example out of to keep everyone else from doing the same thing← Structure:- Federalism: Two Justice Systemso Central/Nationalo Regional/State- Coordination- Usurpation← Characteristics:- Discretiono Criminal justice actors using their judgment on how to charge or noto Adding or dropping charges o Creates issues with distributive justice- Resource Dependenceo Meeting a quota or needing to meet a certain amount of arrests, tickets, etc.o Criminalizing more people in this country than any other country- Sequential Taskso System is very predictable- Filteringo 90% Plea Bargain- Do not go to trial Charge Bargain When a prosecutor drops a charge in exchange for pleading guilty for another charge Sentence Bargain Still being charged but if pleading guilty, offers a lenient sentence ← Decision Making Process (pg. 19-20)- Begins with investigation- Not officially charged with a crime until indictment - Only 10% actually go through a trial← System Models:- Modelso Crime Control vs. Due Process Crime control- Focus on effectively measure and address crime very quickly, for the greater good adjudicate this cases as fast as possible Due process- Protect individual rights, situational and protecting the innocent, takes into account mitigating circumstanceso Retribution vs. Rehabilitation Retribution - Get what they deserve, eye for an eye Rehabilitation- Help them become productive members of societyo Wedding Cake I. Celebrated Cases (celebrities ex. Casey Anthony) II. Serious Felonies (murders, serial rapists) III. Less Serious Felonies (non violent) IV. Misdemeanors ← POSSIBLE MIDTERM


View Full Document

UMD CCJS 100 - Chapter 1: The Criminal Justice System

Documents in this Course
Notes

Notes

6 pages

Chapter 6

Chapter 6

15 pages

Chapter

Chapter

5 pages

CHAPTER 9

CHAPTER 9

14 pages

FBI

FBI

2 pages

Exam 2

Exam 2

8 pages

Exam 1

Exam 1

6 pages

Outline

Outline

3 pages

Exam

Exam

17 pages

Policing

Policing

39 pages

Essay

Essay

9 pages

Notes

Notes

7 pages

Load more
Download Chapter 1: The Criminal Justice System
Our administrator received your request to download this document. We will send you the file to your email shortly.
Loading Unlocking...
Login

Join to view Chapter 1: The Criminal Justice System and access 3M+ class-specific study document.

or
We will never post anything without your permission.
Don't have an account?
Sign Up

Join to view Chapter 1: The Criminal Justice System 2 2 and access 3M+ class-specific study document.

or

By creating an account you agree to our Privacy Policy and Terms Of Use

Already a member?