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Guest Speaker Anna Strates - Washington Animal Rescue LeagueAnimal WelfareIssues and Challenges facing the Industry• Where do homeless dogs and cats go?• open access/admission shelters• required by law to accept all animals within their jurisdiction• non-profit, contracted with the local government• required to hold stray animals for 7-8 days• challenges:• highest volume of animals• required to house animals for specific periods (Rabies quarantines, cruelty investigations, stray periods and mandated number of open cages)• buildings often owned by local government, facilities outdated, poorly designed• highest euthanasia rates due to higher number of animals required to accept• limited access/admission shelters• privately funded non-profit • choose which animals they want to admit!• lower euthanasia rates, don't have to euthanize for space• euthanasia decisions often very controversial, based on behavioral or medical reasons• rescue groups• non-profit organizations• may be breed species or species specific, greater knowledge within their specialty• choose which animals to admit!• no facility, animals in foster homes - temporary housing for animals, much less stressful, provide individualized focus and treatment for animals• handle lower number of animals• less disease exposure• very low euthanasia rates!! less than 5%• historically, most difficult to adopt from and less professionally run• depend on adoption events to adopt pets• animal sanctuaries• handle the least amount of animals• very difficult admissions process• focus on housing the animal for its entire life not necessarily adopting it out• tend to be truly no kill organizations that only euthanize the terminally ill• good education programs• What else is new in shelters?• Shelter design• more light and no bars• friendly and warmer places to visit• good lighting and raised beds• wall of water and glass• housing litter mates together lowers stress for these pups• cat condos• playground for cats• Have we solved pet overpopulation?• In the 1980s approx 18 million dogs and cats annually died in animal shelters nationwide• today, decreased to 4.5 million, many communities experiencing shortage of puppies and small dogs• last 5 years rapid rise in movement of shelter animals from areas of oversupply to areas of greater demand (south to north)• shelters in southern US overcrowded• unloading a large transport• 90% dogs adopted in northeast come from the south• area shelters have 2 populations of animals that are still overpopulated• Pit bulls and bully breeds!• Kittens - intensive feeding• Solutions• low cost/free spay and neuter programs• low cost programs• all animals adopted from shelters should be sterilized BEFORE adoption• target spay neuter for bully breeds may not be effective• TNR- Trap Neuter Return programs for feral or free-roaming cats• education of pet owners• humane education in elementary and middle school• affordable veterinary care• advances in vet medicine have increased the costs of basic vet care• HSUS "strong correlation between unaltered animals and never having been to a veterinarian"• low cost/free behavior and training programs• more access on internet and television• trend towards positive reinforcement training• increase access in stores like Petsmart• community outreach in low income areas• changes in animal welfare approach to communities• HSUS's pets for life• increase in property has stalled many programs during poor economic times• No Kill Movement• in Austin, TX after switching to no kill shelter, community dog bites incrust 35%• adopting out animals with behavior problems• hurts open admission shelters because have to take in all animals, other organizations take adoptable animals from

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UMD ANSC 225 - Lecture notes

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