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***Balcom's favorite lecture --> ON EXAM!!Thursday sept 26 5-6pm ansc ground floor corridor faculty and staff cook off Thinking About Animals in the 21st Century• Top Hat questions:• Feral cats can spread human disease and kill songbirds and small rodents. Their fights and vocal mating along with theToms’ urine markings can ruin a neighborhood. Would you support a program to exterminate them? Neutral. Feral catsmore commonly pets. • Feral hogs are a huge threat to native ecosystems and farmers in many states. Would you support a program toexterminate them? Yes, but I would feel bad about it. Perceived threat of hogs is worse. Normalize it by having TVshows about hunting hogs, making it more acceptable.• 88% of class has experience with companion animals• 70% of class has no first-hand experience with hunting• 39% of class has friends/family who raise farm animals• 63% of class has read about animals used in research, very few have worked with research animals• 64% of class enjoys watching wild animals when they are around• Census Profile of America by the start of the 21st Century• 308 million people as of 2013• 80% live in cities or suburbs• ½ of the population > 35 years old baby boomers are aging! (60 million of them)• Increased racial and ethnic diversity• Simple Distinctions• science and personal views often not in accord with one another• Objectification vs. Personification (Rowan)• Anthropomorphism vs anthrocentrism (Harwood 1928)• Emotional vs pragmatic responses (Thomas 1983)• Identification vs. objectification (Arluke 1988)• "othering" vs. personifying• Serpell's Model• animal factors• individual factors• effect of culture• consider the role of science• Graph: 4 quadrants, mathematical model• y axis = top = (affect) (+) love, sympathy, identification --> bottom = (-) fear, loathing, disidentification • x axis = right = (utility) (+) beneficial to human interest --> left = (-) detrimental to human interests• The Sociozoologic Scale (Arluke and Sanders, 1996)• Top hat: According to Arluke and Sanders (1996) sociozoologic scale, a pig on a commercial farm would be defined asTools• Good animals • Pets• Tools• Bad animals• Freaks - human-animal mixes• Vermin• Demons • Kellert's Research• original attitude scales• naturalistic• ecologistic• humanistic• moralistic• scientistic• aesthetic• utilitarian• dominionistic• negativistic/neutralistic• ***analyze how one animal might be different things on sociozoologic scale or attitudes*** what other animal sin what contexts could we place in each ofthese categories? where would they be on serpells graph? how does an animal symbolically move from one category to another?• How do we know what animals think and need? Anthropomorphism. This dog is lonely for his owner - put our own feelings on


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UMD ANSC 225 - Thinking About Animals in the 21st Century

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