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GSU PSYC 2070 - Exam 1 Study Guide

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Eros: romantic passionate love; strong attraction, love idealized version of partnerLudus: game playing love; no commitment; intimacy not expected or valuedStorge: friendship love; value intimacy and stability, long term commitmentPragma: ludus & storge; practical, goal of finding a compatible long-term partnerAgape: eros & storge; completely selfless loveWhere Does Love come From-Refer to two document sheets given on D2L.Sternberg’s Love TriangleChapter 17Power and Sexual CoercionMYTHSAny healthy woman can resist a rapist if she really wants to.Women like a man who is pushy or forceful.In the majority of rapes, the victim is promiscuous or has a bad reputationA man cannot really tell when a woman means no because women say no and mean yes.A “real” man pushes even when the partner says no.At a certain point, an aroused man cannot control himself.A woman who leads a man on deserves whatever he does to her.If a couple has had sex willingly, forced intercourse between them at a later stage is not rape.Only men can rape women.WHAT CAN WE DO?Just listenValidateDo not judgeLet them make their own decisionsGive them timeBe genuine, don’t hide your feelingsTake care of yourselfPSYC 2070 1st EditionExam # 1 Study Guide Chapter: 1 – 3, 7 & 17Chapter 1What is Human Sexuality? “Feelings, behaviors, biological functioning, cultural context and attitudes surrounding sex” Encompasses anatomical gender, sexual relationships, identity, orientation, and behaviors (everything from masturbation to intercourse)Why Study Human Sexuality? Better understanding of yourself and others In order to have smarter, safer sex Better conversations about sex Possibility of educating others To increase sexual fulfillment?- Prostitution is the world’s oldest profession!- It began in Ancient Egypt, Greek Courtesans- The Kamasutra was one of the first manuals (Chinese) with different sex positions.- Homosexuality was considered an illness and there were many medicines and simulations to reverse this.- The New Testament of the bible had stories about Eve the temptress and Mary the Virgin.Social Impact on Human Sexuality There were many myths about black sexuality; they were considered to be animalistic and dangerous and the women were considered to be mammies and jezebels. The sexual revolution came about In the 1960’s and 70’s with television, playboy magazine, modern sex manuals, miniskirts, and bra burning.True/False1. In ancient Greece, when a mature man took a sexual interest in an adolescent boy he would often have the blessing of the boy’s parents.2. Throughout most of human history, women were considered to be the property of their husbands.3. The production of sex manuals originated in modern times.Chapter 2 Theory and Research Human sexuality is very complex, it can be:- Biological- Anatomical- Physiological- Genetic- How the body owrks- Differences between animals and humans- Differences between male and female It can also be social, cultural, political, and psychological- Religious/moral values- What society/our parents say- What we want/feel PsychologicalPsychoanalytic perspectiveo Psychoanalysiso Sigmund Freudo Libido and Thanatos Sex Aggression Structural theory of the mind Psychosexual stages of development and erogenous zones▪ Oral, anal, phallic, latency and genital▪ Fixations Oedipus and Electra complexes▪ Mommy and daddy issues▪ Female penis envy Female hysterics Behavioral Perspective Focus on overt behaviors Observation and measurement Classical conditioning Pavlov’s dogs Evolutionary Sexuality & maximizing one’s chances of passing on their genes Preservation of the species, survival of the fittest Mate choice / sexual selection Asymmetry in investment Biomedical Focus on the underlying mechanisms Endocrinology Hormones Puberty Genetics Penis size Sexual orientation Physiology of sexual response Research by Masters and Johnson next classChapter 3Communication and Sexuality  Good Communication What qualifies as good communication?• Honesty• Humility• Fact vs. opinion• Neither aggressive nor passive Communication and Sexuality:• Good communication & relationship satisfaction• Mutual understanding• Emotional intimacy• Making relationships last Goals in Communication1. Communicate the message (explicit)2. Relational Goal (implicit)3. Identity Management (implicit)• Conveying a certain image• Communication and Biological Sex• Influence of biological sex on communication?• Effect of hormones during fetus development?• Differences in the brain?• Mixed findings on words per day research• Communication & Sexual Orientation• Influence of sexual orientation• Differences in gender-role adherence• “Feminine” men and women• “Masculine” men and women• Submissive vs. dominant speech patterns• What your textbook says about gay men• Listening• Active Listening• Complete, undivided focus• Non-verbal cues• Checking for understanding• ValidatingChapter 7 Love and IntimacyWhat is love? Heart races, butterflies in your stomach Can’t stop thinking about them Feel good when you’re around them Crave them, want them, miss them Types of love• Romantic love• Passion• Infatuation• Love sick• Ecstasy and anxiety• Physical attraction• Sexual desire• Companionate love• Affection• Trust• Loyalty• Attachment• Intimacy• Security Lee’s Color’s of Love- Eros: romantic passionate love; strong attraction, love idealized version of partner- Ludus: game playing love; no commitment; intimacy not expected or valued- Storge: friendship love; value intimacy and stability, long term commitment- Mania: eros & ludus; obsessive and intense, often dependent on partner- Pragma: ludus & storge; practical, goal of finding a compatible long-term partner- Agape: eros & storge; completely selfless loveWhere Does Love come From-Refer to two document sheets given on D2L. Sternberg’s Love TriangleChapter 17 Power and Sexual Coercion MYTHS• Any healthy woman can resist a rapist if she really wants to.• Women like a man who is pushy or forceful.• In the majority of rapes, the victim is promiscuous or has a bad reputation• A man cannot really tell when a woman means no because women say no and mean yes.• A “real” man pushes even when the partner says no.• At


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