SC PSYC 410 - Final Exam Study Guide (7 pages)

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Final Exam Study Guide



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Final Exam Study Guide

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This study guide covers schizophrenia and related disorders, dissociative disorders, somatic symptom and related disorders, impulse control and conduct disorders, and personality disorders.


Pages:
7
Type:
Study Guide
School:
University Of South Carolina-Columbia
Course:
Psyc 410 - Survey Abnormal Psyc
Survey Abnormal Psyc Documents

Unformatted text preview:

PSYC 410 1st Edition Final Exam Study Guide Chpater 11 Schizophrenia and Related Disorders Reality testing the ability to perceive the world accurately and distinguish reality from fantasy 3 spheres who where and what time or day Out of touch with reality includes having delusions or hallucinations First psychotic break the first time that an individual has delusions or hallucinations Usually happens between late adolescence 16 and early adulthood 25 3 Phases prodromal phase acute phase residual phase A Schizophrenia Characterized by delusions hallucinations disorganized speech grossly disorganized or catatonic behavior and negative symptoms prodromal symptoms Must have two or more of these symptoms but one must be either delusions hallucinations or disorganized speech An individual cannot properly manage day to day life Continuous symptoms persist for at least 6 months Hallucinations sensory perceptions in the absence of external stimuli Delusions fixed false beliefs a Delusions of persecution or paranoia thinking that someone is out to get you or is making fun of you b Delusions of reference something ordinary is specifically intended for you c Delusions of control belief that external forces are controlling you d Delusions of grandeur belief that you are a very important or special person Disorganized Speech Poverty of speech slow limited vague speech Complete incoherence Neologisms made up words Perseveration repetition of words or phrases Clanging rhythmic rhyming speech psychotic rap Blocking involuntary interruption of speech or thought Ecolalia repetition of the last part of a sentence or word Derailment completely lose track of one s thought Etiology of Schizophrenia Genetic component in a family where someone has schizophrenia there is a higher occurrence of other mental disorders Level of dopamine associated with hallucinations Ventricles spaces in brain are larger Less gray matter in brain Viral theory exposure to virus in vitro may contribute to



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