VCU RELS 317 - Final Exam Study Guide (3 pages)

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Final Exam Study Guide

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Final Exam Study Guide


Lectures 8-10

Study Guide
Virginia Commonwealth University
Rels 317 - Islam
Islam Documents

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RELS 317 1nd Edition Exam 3 Study Guide Lectures 8 10 KEY TERMS Ibn Sina Stressed the importance of gaining knowledge and based a theory of knowledge of on four criteria sense perception retention imagination and estimation Muezzin The person appointed at a mosque to lead and recite the call to prayer five times a day Wudu Washing body parts using water in preparation for formal prayers as well as before reading the Qur an Minaret means lighthouse a distinctive architectural feature of mosques tall spires with an onionshaped top Mihrab a semicircular niche in a wall of a mosque that indicates the qibla Qibla It indicates which direction Muslims should pray during salat this is found within a qibla Eid ul Fitr Festival of breaking of the fast marks the end of Ramadan Hajj Islamic pilgrimage to Mecca a mandatory religious duty which is indicated in the five pillars of Islam Tariqah a school of Sufism the mystical teaching and spiritual practices of Sufism Al Ghazali considered to be a renewer of the Islam faith considered to be the most influential Muslim after Muhammed Dhikr The equivalent of a rosary in the Catholic tradition a religious exercise in which short prayers are repeated Fana The Sufi term for passing away a break down of an individual s Sufism Islamic Mysticism life giving core of Islam Great Western Transmutation changed European society from thinking traditionally to rationally Westernization a process in which societies come to adopt Western culture Madhists Believes in the coming of a messiah that will judge the world at the end of time Sayid Ahmed Khan a social activist in India promoted Western style scientific education because he felt that Muslims felt threatened by the strictness of Islam Muhammad Abduh an Egyptian reformer felt that Islam should remain very conservative and looked down upon any contemporary views Talfiq To follow more than one opinion of different Imams Ijtihad independent reasoning the decision making process in Islamic law

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