UNT PSYC 3620 - Ch.7 Vocabulary (2 pages)

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Ch.7 Vocabulary



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Ch.7 Vocabulary

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2
School:
University of North Texas
Course:
Psyc 3620 - Developmental Psy
Developmental Psy Documents

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PSYC 3620 Developmental Psychology o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o Ch 7 Vocabulary Genetic epistemology Piaget s theory that cognitive development is based on both genetics epistemology philosophical understanding of the nature of knowledge Assimilation fitting new experiences into existing mental schemas Disequilibrium a state of confusion in which your schemas do not fit your experiences Equilibration an attempt to resolve cognitive uncertainty to return to a comfortable state Accommodation changing your mental schemas so they fit new experiences Sensorimotor stage Piaget s first stage in which infants understand the world through the information they take in through their senses through their actions on their environment Circular reaction an infant s repetition of a reflexive action that results in a pleasurable experience Motor schema infants understanding of the world through their action on it Object permanence the understanding that objects still exist when an infant does not see them Preoperational stage Piaget s second stage of development in which children ages 2 to 7 do not yet have logical thought instead think magically egocentrically Operations mental actions that follow systematic logical rules Transductive reasoning thought that connects one particular observation to another by creating casual links where none exist Egocentrism the inability to see or understand things from someone else s perspective Conservation the understanding that a basic quantity of something amount mass volume remains the same regardless of changes in appearance Centration focusing on only one aspect of a situation Decentration the ability to think about more than one aspect of a situation at a time Concrete operations the third stage in Piaget s theory in which children between 6 12 years of age develop logical thinking but still cannot think abstractly Reversibility the ability to reverse mental operations Classification the ability to organize objects



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