MIT 17 523 - LECTURE NOTES (4 pages)

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LECTURE NOTES



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17 523 Ethnicity and Race in World Politics Fall 2005 Prof M Nobles Lecture 21 In Class Screening Ghosts of Rwanda PBS Frontline Series 11 28 Rwanda Many students saw Hotel Rwanda Rapid genocide that required close proximity killing Student the people who were being slaughtered weren t really resisting Not much resistance on the part of the Tutsis There was the common perception that Rwandan society was obedient Both killers and victims followed orders What happened seemingly caught the world unaware In hindsight the world looks back and can see the indicators leading up to the conflict 800 000 people killed over three months The Tutsis are in the minority Many moderate Hutus were killed as well Ended in mid July when the RPF took over the government History of Rwanda is important History of Rwanda Colonized by the Belgians Most famously known for their colonization of the Congo by King Leopold Belgians favored the Tutsis According to conventional historical accounts very few distinctive cultural markers between the Hutus and the Tutsis shared language same culture etc Hutus tended to be land people and Tutsis were herd people There isn t a long history of ethnic tension Note the following notes are a synopsis of the documentary film and do not represent the views of Prof Nobles or her students Movie Ghosts of Rwanda Frontline PBS co production with BBC Writer producer and director Greg Barker 800 000 people slaughtered by government The entire world turned away International community claimed they didn t know what was going on August 1993 General Romeo Dallaire commander for UN The rebels were mostly Tutsis Persecuted for decades The Hutus had ruled since independence from Belgium in the 60s Under the peace accord the Hutus were required to share authority with the Tutsis Only 2500 armed troops were sent by the UN The commander was ill prepared 1 of 4 Mysterious riots and assassinations occurred There were reports of a third force but they couldn t figure out who



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