Darwin and Evolution Through Natural Selection

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Darwin and Evolution Through Natural Selection

Information on Charles Darwin and his theory of evolution by natural selection


Lecture number:
4
Pages:
2
Type:
Lecture Note
School:
University of Missouri
Course:
Anthro 2050 - Introduction to Biological Anthropology With Laboratory
Edition:
1
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Anthro2050 1st Edition Lecture 4 Outline of Last Lecture I. Evolutionary Theory II. Important Figures in Evolutionary Theory Outline of Current Lecture III. Charles Darwin IV. Natural Selection and Adaptation Current Lecture Charles Darwin: - Heavily influenced by Malthus, Lamark, and Lyell. - Born in 1809 to a fairly wealthy family. Was interested in natural sciences from an early age - His father wanted him to be a doctor and sent him to medical school. While Darwin found that he did not like studying medicine, and was horrified by surgery, however this was where he was first introduced to the evolutionary theory of the time. He then went on to major in the natural scientists. - At 22, Darwin gained an opportunity to sail the world on the HMS Beagle as part of a five year natural science survey. While traveling, he made many observations of natural life. The area most commonly related to his studies are the Galapagos Islands. There he noticed that different types of similar animals on different islands seemed to have changed over time to suit the conditions of each island, for example the differences in the tortoises on the islands. - He went back home and married and had a family. Due to health issues, he was kept at home mostly where he dwelled on his observations from the trip and later formed his theory of evolution by natural selection. - While he formed his theory in 1839, he procrastinated on publishing it for the next two decades. He knew his ideas would be controversial and difficult to present to both the scientific community of the time and the general public. However, after receiving a letter from a colleague, Alfred Wallace, that Wallace had written while in a malaria induced hallucination. These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor’s lecture. GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes, not as a substitute.



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