Brandeis LING 130A - Time and Tense in Language (9 pages)

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Time and Tense in Language



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Time and Tense in Language

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Pages:
9
School:
Brandeis University
Course:
Ling 130a - Formal Semantics: Truth, Meaning, and Language

Unformatted text preview:

Events and Relations Time and Tense in Language Event expressions tensed verbs has left was captured will resign stative adjectives sunken stalled on board event nominals merger Military Operation Gulf War James Pustejovsky Brandeis University Dependencies between events and times Anchoring John left on Monday Orderings The party happened after midnight Embedding John said Mary left LING 130 FALL 2005 Reichenbach Tense Tensed utterances introduce references to 3 time points Grammatical expression of the time of the situation described relative to some other time e g moment of speech Speech Time S Event Time E Reference Time R SI had mailed the letter E when John came told me the news R E R S E R S time PAST PRESENT FUTURE The concept of time point is an abstraction it can map to an interval Three temporal relations are defined on these time points at before after 13 different relations are possible George admires Adolf George admired Jesus Tense as Anaphor Reichenbach Reichenbachian Tense Analysis Tensed utterances introduce references to 3 time points Speech Time S Event Time E Reference Time R SI Relation had mailed the letter E when John came told me the news R E E R S R S time The concept of time point is an abstraction it can map to an interval Three temporal relations are defined on these time points at before after 13 different relations are possible E R S E R S R E S R S E Reichenbach s Tense Name Anterior past Simple past English Tense Name Past perfect Simple past Posterior past Reichenbach s Tense Name Anterior past Simple past PRIOR Posterior past PF R S E E S R S R E S R E Anterior present Simple present Posterior present P F Present perfect Simple present Simple future I have slept I sleep I will sleep Je vais dormir S E R S E R Anterior future FP Future perfect I will have slept E S R S R E Simple future F Simple future S R E Posterior future FF I will sleep Je dormirai I shall be going to sleep E R S E R S R E S R S E PP P English Tense Name Past



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