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Hoover vs. Al Smith, 1928 election
Hoover - dominated, won TX Smith - won deep south; Catholic (KKK = anti-catholic)
Stock Market Crash, October 1929
causes: speculative boom, borrowing $$, margin buying, lack of diversity in econ: auto & construction
Great Depression
Worst depression in US history; spurred by crash of 1929 and lasted until WWII; false valuations in banks
Banks failed
unbacked investments
Reconstruction Finance Corporation (RFC)
HOOVERS ATTEMPT TO HALT DEPRESSION federal prog est 1932 under pres Herbert Hoover to loan money to banks and other institutions to help them avert bankruptcy
Federal Home Loan Banks
HOOVERS ATTEMPT TO HALT DEPRESSION This was in order to provide funds to "building and loan" institutions, providing liquidity and making mortgages available.
Bonus Expeditionary Force, 1932
Thousands of WWI veterans, who insisted on immediate payment of their bonus certificates, marched on Washington in 1932, violence ensued when President Hoover ordered their tent villages cleared
Franklin D. Roosevelt, 1932-1945
inc fed spending direct support to ag New deal
New Deal
FDR's campaign promise, in his speech to the Democratic National Convention of 1932, to combat the Great Depression with a "new deal for the American people"; the phrase became a catchword for his ambitious plan of econ progs
Glass-Steagall Act, 1933
separated commercial banking pwrs from investment banking powers discouraged banking competition "reg que" Est FDIC and included banking reforms, some designed to contorl speculation.
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)
public confidence in banks restored result of Glass-stegall Gave the FDIC authority to provide deposit insurance to banks Gave the FDIC the authority to regulate and supervise state nonmember banks
National Recovery Act (NRA)
experimented w/wage & price control min wage, max work hours, child labor excluded domestic workers & ag workers declared illegal in 1935
Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)
Its goal is to increase public trust in the capital markets by requiring uniform disclosure of information about public securities offerings.
Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)
organized under army to employ young men in nat'l parks $$ earned sent home to help families
Works Progress Administration (WPA)
umbrella agency - provided various work progs, from construction to artists
Social Security Act, 1935
largest most important new deal act cornerstone of new deal excluded farmers and domestic workers created the social security system with provisions for a retirement pension, unemployment insurance, disability insurance, and public assistance
Wagner Act, 1935
est fed law to guarantee unions right to strike and bargtain est nat'l labor relations board
Dust Bowl
5 years, drought and poor farm practice 1 million ppl relocated from area's affected,moved to cali
TVA - Tennessee Valley Authority
electricity to rural areas in US hydroelectric pwr, esp in Appalachians
John Maynard Keynes
focused on heavy gov't involvement and spending in tough times
1936 election landslide
FDR dominated landon dems owned House & Senate
from corporate welfare to public welfare
basic economic security
court-packing plan, 1937
replace supreme court judges over 60 FDR 9 to 15 judges in order to save his second new deal prog
German American Bund & American Nazis
was an American Nazi organization established in the 1930s. Its main goal was to promote a favorable view of Nazi Germany.
House Un-American Activities Committee, 1938
martin dies formed in 1938 to investigate subversives in the government; best-known investigations were of Hollywood no tables and of former State Department official Alger Hiss, who was accused in 1949 of espionage and Communist party membership
Marian Anderson, 1939
black singer, constitution hall concert stopped by daughters of American Revolution Anderson sing @ Lincoln Memorial on Easter Sunday
Germany - NADAP (Nazis) - 3rd Reich
beginning of hitler taking power
Reichstag fire, 1933
hitler takes power
the process by which the Nazi regime successively established a system of totalitarian control and tight coordination over all aspects of society; assimilation; synchronization
symbols, flags, unforms, ceremonies
blood (race), language (culture), Will
paramilitary SA and SS
SA storm troopers; internal members (brown) SS personal bodyguards for Hitler (black)
"Triumph of the Will"
is a propaganda film made by Leni Riefenstahl. It chronicles the 1934 Nazi Party Congress in Nuremberg
failure of League of Nations in China & Abyssinia
Nuremburg Laws, 1935
antisemitic laws in Nazi Germany introduced at the annual Nuremberg Rally of the Nazi Party. After the takeover of power in 1933 by Hitler, Nazism became an official ideology incorporating scientific racism and antisemitism. There was a rapid growth in German legislation directed at Jews.
1936 Olympics & Jessie Owens
Owens not congratulated by Hitler
1936 Rhineland occupation
Germany reoccupies Rhineland, started Spanish Civil War
1936 Spanish Civil War & Guernica
Germany uses planes to bomard Spanish Villages
the occupation and annexation of Austria into Nazi Germany in 1938.[2]
The Sudetenland was initially put under military administration, with General Wilhelm Keitel as Military governor. On 21 October 1938, the annexed territories were divided, with the southern parts being incorporated into the neighbouring Reichsgaue
Munich Agreement
Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact
Axis nations vs. Allied nations
Pearl Harbor
Pacific island hoping campaign
Japanese-American internment camps
Nisei 442nd Regiment
Battle of the Bulge
Yalta Conference
V-E Day, May 8, 1945
Hiroshima & Nagasaki
V-J Day, September, August 15, 1945

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